I have an very old PC (Dell GX280) with 3 external USB drives. Two of the them had external 12V power supplies that annoyed me, so I got rid of them and am now powering them directly from the ATX power supply. Everything works properly, no brown outs, instability or other symptoms of lack of power.
But after all of this, I'm still afraid of the shut down procedure. When the Linux shuts down, it unmounts the devices and turns off the PSU moments later - but the hard drives were not designed for this - they are designed to have an always on 12V external power, not tied to the power of the computer. How can I know if they're making some more cleanup procedures after being unmounted.
How can I be sure that the drive is really ready to be powered down and only then power down the machine?
Drives: Seagate Backup Plus 2TB (Ext4) and Seagate Expansion 2TB (BTRFS). System: current Arch Linux 32 bit