I want to install emacs-snapshot from http://emacs.orebokech.com But there is already an emacs-snapshot in Ubuntu's repositories.
How can I specify the repository from which a package will be installed?
You can specify a repository with
-t option. As an example, I have added the following repository to
/etc/apt/sources.list to install Iceweasel latest release:
deb http://mozilla.debian.net/ squeeze-backports iceweasel-release
As you know there is a same package
iceweasel in the official Debian repository. If I want install Iceweasel from this specific repo I run:
apt-get install -t squeeze-backports iceweasel
from apt-get manual page:
-t, --target-release, --default-release This option controls the default input to the policy engine, it creates a default pin at priority 990 using the specified release string. This overrides the general settings in /etc/apt/preferences. Specifically pinned packages are not affected by the value of this option. In short, this option lets you have simple control over which distribution packages will be retrieved from. Some common examples might be -t '2.1*', -t unstable or -t sid. Configuration Item: APT::Default-Release; see also the apt_preferences(5) manual page.
I think this is a better solution,
I found a workaround. First I needed to find the repositories that had the pacakage:
$ apt-cache showpkg emacs-snapshot Package: emacs-snapshot Versions: 1:20100111-1~lenny1 (/var/lib/apt/lists/emacs.orebokech.com_dists_lenny_main_binary-amd64_Packages) (/var/lib/dpkg/status) Description Language: File: /var/lib/apt/lists/emacs.orebokech.com_dists_lenny_main_binary-amd64_Packages MD5: 906df684c212eabe267e6b5c2e8c2032 1:20090909-1 (/var/lib/apt/lists/us.archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_karmic_universe_binary-amd64_Packages) Description Language: File: /var/lib/apt/lists/us.archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_karmic_universe_binary-amd64_Packages MD5: 906df684c212eabe267e6b5c2e8c2032 Reverse Depends: ... ...
In the Versions: section. I see the versions that come from different repositories:
So now we just tell apt or aptitude to install that specific version:
$ sudo aptitude install emacs-snapshot=1:20100111-1~lenny1
I still don't know how to use a specific repository. But in this case a specific version was enough.
There is a preferences file for apt. I think it is located under /etc/apt, but not 100% sure. There you can set the priority for a package from a repository to be higher than for the same package from the Ubunto repository. For the exact syntax, look up in man apt-get. Edit the file, then install as usual with apt-get, it will fetch from the highest priority origin. Just make sure beforehand that the package from that repository is compiled for your distro (e.g. a debian binary may look for dependencies in the wrong places) and for your kernel version (this changes quite often throughout the life cycle of a Ubuntu version). Else it is a matter of chance if it will work.