In Windows device manager it is possible to "manually" start an automatic update of a device. But its very tedious, each device has to be clicked (as it is not known if that particular device has an update available) - then the popups have to be clicked - and one has to wait for the online search to finish.

So I hoped there is some Powershell script being able to do this, or maybe a registry entry to have "Windows Update" taking care of that.

(Ehm yes, Windows does NOT automatically update ALL devices in device manager).

  • Do you want driver updates in general or do you have specific hardware model in mind? – Persistent13 Aug 21 '17 at 19:22
  • 1
    Have you tried the devcon thing on the command prompt? – antzshrek Aug 21 '17 at 19:48
  • @Persistent13 updates in general, nothing specific – user5542121 Aug 22 '17 at 13:00
  • 1
    @Antz devcon seems perfect, at least the documentation says it can update. docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-hardware/drivers/devtest/… Will have to try, thx! – user5542121 Aug 22 '17 at 13:02
  • @Antz I tried devcon, as it seems it does not do a online lookup for the drivers. It can only install a given inf file. – user5542121 Aug 22 '17 at 13:19

The article Script to install or update drivers directly from Microsoft Catalog contains a PowerShell script for doing what is asked.

The article includes good explanations of each part of the script. I reproduce below just the bare script with only minor changes (which I have not tested):

#search and list all missing Drivers

$Session = New-Object -ComObject Microsoft.Update.Session           
$Searcher = $Session.CreateUpdateSearcher() 

$Searcher.ServiceID = '7971f918-a847-4430-9279-4a52d1efe18d'
$Searcher.SearchScope =  1 # MachineOnly
$Searcher.ServerSelection = 3 # Third Party

$Criteria = "IsInstalled=0 and Type='Driver' and ISHidden=0"
Write-Host('Searching Driver-Updates...') -Fore Green  
$SearchResult = $Searcher.Search($Criteria)          
$Updates = $SearchResult.Updates

#Show available Drivers

$Updates | select Title, DriverModel, DriverVerDate, Driverclass, DriverManufacturer | fl

#Download the Drivers from Microsoft

$UpdatesToDownload = New-Object -Com Microsoft.Update.UpdateColl
$updates | % { $UpdatesToDownload.Add($_) | out-null }
Write-Host('Downloading Drivers...')  -Fore Green  
$UpdateSession = New-Object -Com Microsoft.Update.Session
$Downloader = $UpdateSession.CreateUpdateDownloader()
$Downloader.Updates = $UpdatesToDownload

#Check if the Drivers are all downloaded and trigger the Installation

$UpdatesToInstall = New-Object -Com Microsoft.Update.UpdateColl
$updates | % { if($_.IsDownloaded) { $UpdatesToInstall.Add($_) | out-null } }

Write-Host('Installing Drivers...')  -Fore Green  
$Installer = $UpdateSession.CreateUpdateInstaller()
$Installer.Updates = $UpdatesToInstall
$InstallationResult = $Installer.Install()
if($InstallationResult.RebootRequired) {  
Write-Host('Reboot required! please reboot now..') -Fore Red  
} else { Write-Host('Done..') -Fore Green }

A general-purpose and powerful package is PSWindowsUpdate.

Here are a couple of tutorials on installing and using it :

The package adds the Get-WUInstall command (and others) with which you may get and install updates. The source of Get-WUInstall is also available separately from github.

Another example on its use is found in the article PS Script to automate Windows and MS Updates.

  • 1
    Beautiful! I extended the script a bit, as title #set Window Title $host.ui.RawUI.WindowTitle = "Driver Updater by harrymc" and to prevent the powershell from closing Write-Host Write-Host('Press any key to exit ...') -Fore Yellow $host.UI.RawUI.ReadKey("NoEcho,IncludeKeyDown") and to run the script from a a batch: @echo off powershell.exe -noprofile -ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -command "&{start-process powershell -ArgumentList ' -ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -noprofile -file ""%~dp0update.ps1""' -verb RunAs} while the ps script is named update.ps1 and is in same dir. – user5542121 Aug 25 '17 at 6:17
  • Ah sorry, only realized now I have to press the button to give the bounty, thought accepting the answer is enough. – user5542121 Aug 25 '17 at 13:19
  • Thanks. Accepting the answer is enough, but the bounty is only awarded by the end of the 7 days posting-period. – harrymc Aug 25 '17 at 14:18

While not fully automatic the open source Snappy Driver Installer can be used to update drivers in a hardware independent fashion with a handful of clicks.

  • 1
    thx for suggestion, but I want the drivers to be delivered by Microsoft. – user5542121 Aug 23 '17 at 9:36

An Application Windows Update MiniTool exists which can get those drivers, yet its capable of much more - regarding windows updates.

(I personally still prefer the script from harrymc, its painless - just start it and done)

Quoted from the English Forum:

Screenshot from the application

An alternative to the standard Windows Update
What you can do:

 - Check for updates
 - Download updates
 - Installing Updates
 - Deleting installed updates
 - Hiding unwanted updates
 - Get direct links to the *.cab / *.Exe / *.Psf update files
 - View update history
 - Configure Automatic Updates

Your Answer

By clicking "Post Your Answer", you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.