I converted 2 of my drives to be a mirrored storage space on windows 10. I am using ReFS. This drive is d drive.

When I create a restore point the dialog that comes up does not have d drive in it.

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Thus I cannot configure the shadow copy space allocation for that drive, or turn system protection on or off. I used to be able to do this when the drives were separate and NTFS.

My aim is to schedule a daily restore point using the powershell Checkpoint-Computer command. But I assume that this drive won't be included if I can't configure it in the system restore dialog?

Why is it missing? Is there some kind of issue with storage spaces or ReFS? I suspect not because my backup program is creating a snapshot of that d drive when running a backup.

I found some information about enabling drives for system restore in powershell,

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But again no luck. I found others online saying that I should run powershell as administrator, which I am doing, and also to check the drive exists, and this follows,

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I tried this command as suggested. I double checked I was using an elevated command prompt,

vssadmin add shadowstorage /for=D: /on=D: /maxsize=100GB

And this is what I get,

enter image description here

Looks like this is only for server versions of windows.


  • Perhaps you simply need to enable Volume Shadows on the "D" partition with elevated command such as: 1. vssadmin add shadowstorage /for=D: /on=D: /maxsize=100GB to define it, then 2. vssadmin create shadow /for=D: to create it? You can always change it once created such as: vssadmin resize shadowstorage /for=C: /on=C: /maxsize=50GB... Give it a shot and look over ss64.com/nt/vssadmin.html when you get a chance. – Pimp Juice IT Oct 16 '17 at 6:04
  • This doesn't work on windows 10 as per the above. Maybe I am out of luck. – peter Oct 17 '17 at 7:17
  • Be sure you are running the command from an elevated command prompt with run as administrator. Maybe try creating with #2 first but be sure to change the C: to D: or whatever you need as well as the 50GB value to whatever you need—this will accept percentage too. It should work with Windows 10 just fine. Tag me back if you find out otherwise and I will do testing later but specify what winver you are running. I could be wrong but tag me back as I'm gonna be busy for a few and will forget otherwise/ – Pimp Juice IT Oct 17 '17 at 12:25
  • I don't think System Restore evaluates drives formatted as anything other than NTFS, possibly with exceptions for the System partition. What file system is your C: drive formatted as? A good test would be to add two new drives - one as NTFS and the other as ReFS. – root Oct 17 '17 at 19:35
  • This was working with my d drive when it was a single drive as NTFS. But since then I have made it ReFS, and added it to a storage space. Either one of those two things must have caused this. Yes I am running it as elevated command prompt. Shadow copies do work with ReFS and storage space as my backup program is creating a temporary shadow copy of that drive when backing up. This seems to be a MS imposed limitation which is not present on server versions of the OS. – peter Oct 19 '17 at 20:14

1 Create shadow storage

1.1 The System protection tab in System Properties

  • this GUI only lists NTFS volumes, so you can't create shadow storage for ReFS volume there
  • instead try one of:
    • vssadmin add shadowstorage /for=D: /on=D: /maxsize=100GB (Windows Server only)
      • alternatively for non-server Windows editions try vssadmin resize shadowstorage /for=D: /on=D: /maxsize=10% that will add shadow storage if it does not exist and thus is comparable to vssadmin add
    • wmic shadowstorage call create Volume=D:\ DiffVolume=D:\ MaxSpace=20
      • if this command returns ReturnValue = 10 (which is Unknown error) workaround follows
    • wmic shadowcopy call create Volume=D:\
      • creating shadow copy on disk without shadow storage will create one automatically
      • you can resize the shadow storage with vssadmin resize shadowstorage /for=D: /on=D: /maxsize=10%

1.2 List shadow storages

  • make sure the shadow storage is there and configured using one of:
    • vssadmin list shadowstorage
    • wmic shadowstorage list

2 Create shadow copy

2.1 Create shadow copy

  • you want to use scheduled system protection feature, but for now just take a snapshot manually:
    • wmic shadowcopy call create Volume=D:\

2.2 List shadow copies

  • verify the snapshot was created:
    • vssadmin list shadows /for=D:

3 Mount shadow copy

  • since you are using Storage Spaces, you won't see snapshots in Previous versions tab in disk/file properties
  • but the snapshots exists and can be mounted as a folder
  • this shortage apply for both NTFS and ReFS Storage Spaces
  • to mount a snapshot you will need shadow ID, shadow path and temporary folder

3.1 Get shadow copy ID

  • vssadmin list shadows /for=D:
    • look for something like this Shadow Copy ID: {5cc29315-0379-415e-8496-69923618e3de}

3.2 Get shadow copy path

  • wmic shadowcopy where "ID='{5cc29315-0379-415e-8496-69923618e3de}'" get DeviceObject
  • or vssadmin list shadows /for=D:
    • look for Shadow Copy Volume: \\?\GLOBALROOT\Device\HarddiskVolumeShadowCopy624

3.3 Mount shadow copy as folder

  • mklink /j %tmp%\shadow \\?\GLOBALROOT\Device\HarddiskVolumeShadowCopy624\
    • note the extra \ at the end
    • the shadow copy is now available in %tmp%\shadow
| improve this answer | |
  • This was successfully tested on Windows 10 Pro v1607 b14393 on ReFS 1.2 formatted 3 disk Storage Space in two-way mirror configuration with integrity streams enabled. – Vlastimil Ovčáčík Oct 23 '17 at 13:45
  • Also tested on Windows 10 Pro for Workstations v1709 b16299 with ReFS 3.3. – Vlastimil Ovčáčík Oct 26 '17 at 12:03
  • I'll take your word for it. That's a great answer. I got restless, stopped using storage spaces, and moved to drive pool. – peter Nov 9 '17 at 21:26
  • @peter thanks. It got bit long, but there are some useful bits. The tldr for you would be just this: vssadmin resize shadowstorage /for=D: /on=D: /maxsize=10%. – Vlastimil Ovčáčík Nov 11 '17 at 10:06
  • 3
    This answer beats the hell out of an entire pile of Microsoft documentation. I used it on a Windows Server 2016 just fine. – davidbak Jan 17 '18 at 5:09

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