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My Windows 10 side of my dual boot don't work anymore. Here are screenshot of the issue I faced. I tried every option proposed by the device, none of them worked and I was rather thinking of erasing every partitions, reinstall Windows and do my dual-boot again with a Windows 10 live key.

Yet, I faced this problem when inserting the live key :

enter image description here

What should I do to do the first step reinstall windows 10 ? Delete all partitions, insert my key again ?

I would rather prefer to make windows 10 work again but, searching how to do it since a month, I never found neither help nor solution.

Here is the message that pops out from (show details)

enter image description here

  • what does show details part would say in the warning message ? – NWishAll Oct 26 '17 at 11:00
  • @NWishAll Just added it ! – ThePassenger Oct 26 '17 at 14:13
  • What's the entire list of OSes you want to run? What bootloader do you prefer? If you only want to run Windows 10 and are OK with deleting all data, then just delete all partitions and install fresh and clean. While you're at it, make sure that you're starting with the latest Windows 10 ISO. Make sure you back up anything important first, of course. – Christopher Hostage Oct 26 '17 at 15:06
  • @ChristopherHostage The OSes I want to run are Windows10 and Ubuntu16.04. One partition already have it (on of the two lasts). If I can't impede to erase the Ubuntu partition, I'm okay desistalling it and do the all dual boot process again – ThePassenger Oct 26 '17 at 17:56
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This is because of the difference in Partition Scheme. There are two types of Partition schemes.

  1. MBR (Master Boot Record)
  2. GPT (GUID Partition Table)

MBR vs GPT:

MBR Scheme: MBR Scheme allows 4 Primary Partitions only, and if you need more then, you can create Extended Partitions. It was introduced with IBM PC DOS 2.0 in 1983. MBR Scheme only support HDD till 2 TB only. Until Windows XP, MBR was the only Partition scheme to install Windows. After Windows 7, Windows can be installed on either MBR Scheme or on GPT Scheme depending on the the firmware of your BIOS.

GPT Scheme: GPT Partition Scheme was developed in the late 1990s but got more common after 2010. GPT supports Disks which can be greater then 2 TB.

BIOS Vs UEFI:

There are two types of firmware interfaces, BIOS which had been in use since years, and a recent UEFI Firmware interface.

BIOS Firmware Interface When the Computer boots up, BIOS after performing some initial Input-Output Tests, fetches the data in the first 512 Bytes on the first boot device and starts the OS from there. BIOS is unaware of the Partitions etc. It is the Code in the 512 bytes which starts the Process.

UEFI: Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) recognizes/understands the Partition Scheme (both MBR and GPT). Normally there is always a Hidden UEFI System Partition, which contains the information on how to start the Operating System.

Regarding your issue Recently manufactured Desktops/Laptops all contain UEFI, so you can boot using UEFI. However for compatibility purpose, they also contain a CSM Module, which emulates a BIOS, so if you want to start your OS using BIOS, you can do so. Windows OS have a bit of limitation. They only allow you to install Windows only on:

  1. MBR Disk if you boot using BIOS
  2. GPT Disk if you boot using UEFI.

Now, regarding your issue, you basically have MBR Partitioned HDD, and you are booting your System using UEFI. There are many possible solution to fix this:

  1. Keep your Disks, they way they are, and just go to BIOS options, and enable the Legacy Boot Mode. The Setting name can be either Legacy or UEFI-CSM etc. This way you can install Windows, but you cannot use HDD over 2 TB

  2. If you want to boot using UEFI (Recommended because it has a faster boot-time), you need to convert your disk to GPT. For that again there are two options. Whether you want to erase all data or you want to preserve your data. If you are willing to lose data then, you can just delete all partitions, then re-initialize the Disk as a GPT Disk, and then you can install Windows. However if you want to preserve the Data, you can use some tools to convert your existing MBR Disk to GPT. I have used Minitool partition Wizard, and it does the job perfectly. Once you have converted to GPT, you can easily install Windows.

Regarding Ubuntu, you will not face any issue because, Ubuntu can be installed on MBR Partition Scheme, and also on GPT, irrespective of the fact whether you are booting via BIOS or UEFI.

  • Thank you for your insightful answer ! I am under legacy mode when showing the screenshots and I am still not able to install Windows ... – ThePassenger Oct 30 '17 at 11:05
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    From your last Screenshot: "Windows can only be installed to GPT Disks". This means you booted up using UEFI Boot Mode, and NOT Legacy. You may need to look into BIOS Options, and make sure that UEFI is disabled. Most Motherboards have the option ofboth Legacy and UEFI Enabled, and when UEFI Option is found, it is preferred first. – Areeb Qaisar Nov 1 '17 at 4:30

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