I often find myself opening an SSH session to run the same single command. I have everything setup to login without entering a password (Via SSH Key-Based Auth), so I wondered if there was a way to create a shortcut or a batch file in Windows that would load PuTTY or a similar program, then fire off that command (and likely exit if result is good).
Use the commandline PuTTY version
plink.exe to initate a SSH connection to a host of choice. Use the
-ssh switch to connect with SSH. With the
-m switch you can include a command file:
plink.exe -ssh host1 -m C:\path\to\commands.txt
You can download
plink.exe from here.
Last step would be to create a shortcut including
plink.exe with the desired parameters.
Check out the Plink documentation for other various parameters: Plink.exe documentation
You can use putty configurations to achieve this.
Load putty and configure your session.
Enter the remote command that you'd like to run here:
Then, before clicking "Open", go back to the "Session" tab (at the top), and save your configuration.
Now, create a shortcut to
putty.exe, adding the
-load flag, for example:
%PATH_TO_PUTTY%\putty.exe -load my_config
Now, you can just click on the shortcut and it will load your session, executing your command.
If you're using Windows 10, you might be interested to know that Microsoft reportedly has a beta of OpenSSH (client and server):
[…] go to “Manage Optional Features” then + “Add a feature”. You can then scroll down the list and find the OpenSSH Client (Beta) and OpenSSH Server (Beta) features in Windows. The idea of running another remote service on Windows can be daunting so we do not blame you if you do not want to install the server.
Once installed, you can simply fire up your command line and use the OpenSSH client by typing ssh followed by the command such as
Here is the current (as of November 28, 2017)
sshcommand usage guide we are getting with the Windows OpenSSH Client:
C:\WINDOWS\system32>ssh usage: ssh [-46AaCfGgKkMNnqsTtVvXxYy] [-b bind_address] [-c cipher_spec] [-D [bind_address:]port] [-E log_file] [-e escape_char] [-F configfile] [-I pkcs11] [-i identity_file] [-J [user@]host[:port]] [-L address] [-l login_name] [-m mac_spec] [-O ctl_cmd] [-o option] [-p port] [-Q query_option] [-R address] [-S ctl_path] [-W host:port] [-w local_tun[:remote_tun]] [user@]hostname [command] C:\WINDOWS\system32>
If this works, you should be able to use
ssh like you would on a *Nix:
C:\WINDOWS\system32>ssh user@host "ls -l ~"
Just thought I'd insert the script I made to hopefully save some people hours of syntax and man page research
a) SingleIP, IP Range, or IPList file
b) script name to run on the IP/range (actual unix sh/ksh type script)
c) optionally do nmap scan for port 22 open (i.e. subnet with some non-Linux machines)
-want to avoid IPs putty cannot connect to, avoiding script being able to continue properly
d) optionally run pscp command to autocache the host key (putty does not do this automatically)
This batch assumes:
1. you have the full PuTTY package and SSH key installed in C:\Program Files\PuTTY\
2. batch/scripts/IPlist files installed in C:\Program Files\PuTTY\scripts\
3. The NMAP and PuTTY working directories are in your command path
This is mostly useful for having a single script (such as updating an SSL certificate) across a range of machines
Here is complete batch file:
@ECHO OFF rem You must modify the CACHEKEY and SCRIPT section to reflect your SSH key location set IPFILE=IPList_temp.txt set runagain=n set OPTION=1 set RANGE= set IP= set SCAN=n set KEYCACHE=n :OPTION CLS ECHO (Working directory is set to C:\Program Files\PuTTY\scripts\) ECHO. ECHO 1. Single IP ECHO 2. IP list file ECHO 3. IP Range ECHO. set /p OPTION="Choose IP type:" IF %OPTION%==3 GOTO IPRANGE IF %OPTION%==2 GOTO IPLIST IF %OPTION%==1 GOTO SINGLEIP echo Please select a valid option GOTO OPTION :IPRANGE ECHO Enter the IP range(s) as in the following example. Use a space between multiple ranges: ECHO i.e. "10.21.0.15-99 10.21.1.15-100" set /p RANGE=Enter Range: echo %RANGE% > %IPFILE% GOTO SCRIPTNAME :SINGLEIP set /p IP=Enter IP: echo %IP% > %IPFILE% GOTO SCRIPTNAME :IPLIST set /p IP=Enter IPList filename: copy /Y %IP% %IPFILE% GOTO SCRIPTNAME :SCRIPTNAME set /p SCRIPT=Enter script name: if not exist %SCRIPT% ( echo filename does not exist! GOTO SCRIPTNAME ) ECHO. set /p SCAN=Do Nmap scan first? (recommended): if %SCAN%==n GOTO :RUNCACHE rem Check whether IP type is "range" as nmap cannot read an IP range from file and must be type directly in nmap command IF %OPTION%==3 GOTO NMAPRANGE :NMAP echo Scanning IPs for port 22 open... nmap --open -n -p22 -iL %IPFILE% -oG - | findstr /E Up > nmap_temp.txt GOTO AFTERNMAP :NMAPRANGE echo Scanning IPs for port 22 open... nmap --open -n -p22 %RANGE% -oG - | findstr /E Up > nmap_temp.txt :AFTERNMAP echo DONE rem nmap formatting is not correct, the following removes extra info for /f "tokens=2" %%A in (nmap_temp.txt) do echo %%A >> nmap_temp2.txt rem remove hidden space at end of IP (requires "repl" be in the batch file directory) type "nmap_temp2.txt" | repl " " "" > %IPFILE% :RUNCACHE set /p KEYCACHE=Scan and cache SSH key (y/n) ? if %KEYCACHE%==n GOTO SCRIPT :CACHEKEY rem Run through all IPs to cache the SSH Host Key if not already cached for /F "tokens=*" %%A in (%IPFILE%) do ( echo y | "C:\Program Files\PuTTY\pscp.exe" -l root -i "C:\Program Files\PuTTY\SSH.ppk" -touch %%A:/tmp/test ) :SCRIPT for /F "tokens=1" %%A in (%IPFILE%) do ( "C:\Program Files\PuTTY\putty.exe" -ssh %%A -t -l root -i "C:\Program Files\PuTTY\SSH.ppk" -m "C:\Program Files\PuTTY\scripts\%SCRIPT%" ) if exist nmap_temp.txt (del nmap_temp.txt) if exist nmap_temp2.txt (del nmap_temp2.txt) set /p runagain="Press Enter to Finish or y to rerun" if %runagain%==y GOTO OPTION
You can also look at software such as mRemoteNG, MOBAxTerm or SecureCRT which will manage your SSH connections for you, this also links with the saved PuTTY sessions so you can apply a template to the session.
This is the final "CMD" which I can just save on my FileServer and create a shortcut on my Desktop.
::FreeSoftwareServers ::Automated Opening of SSH Tunnel & Execute CMD on Remote Host ::https://superuser.com/questions/1278434/create-a-batch-file-or-shortcut-to-putty-ssh-that-opens-a-session-and-runs-a-c set puttydir="C:\Program Files\PuTTY" set exe=plink.exe ::Profile must exist in PuTTY set remotehost=FileServer set remotecmd="chmod 777 /mnt/mdadm/torrents -R" cd %puttydir% %exe% %remotehost% %remotecmd% ::Test First Manually in CMD Prompt ::Note Remote Host does NOT have access to BashRC Alias's ::start "C:\Program Files\PuTTY\" plink.exe -ssh FileServer touch /tmp/testfile ::start "C:\Program Files\PuTTY\" plink.exe -ssh FileServer ~/script.sh