Is a way to open and access the cropped version of the image or other information in the .AAE file?
.aae files are only used by iOS and OS X 10.10+.
They can be viewed by a text editor to see what edits were made to the photo, but won't allow you to access the modified photo in Windows.
An AAE file contains edits made to an image using the Photos app on an
iOS device. It is used to transfer non-destructive edits a user has
made to .JPG images in iOS to the macOS system. AAE files can be found
accompanying the images for which they contain edits.
AAE files are used by iOS 8 and later and OS X 10.10 and later. If you
import pictures from an iOS device to Windows, the JPEG images will
only get transferred and not the AAE files, which will cause you to
lose your edits. Also, AAE files can be deleted without erasing your
pictures but any edits made to them will be removed.
The AAE file is referenced by the Photos app when opening the JPG file
in which it is associated. It can also be opened by text editors such
as TextEdit and Notepad to view the edits made to the corresponding
Source .AAE File Extension
So how can I access the modified photo on Windows?
Use any other photo editing app on your iOS device. Open the app and
import the photo in it, and then save it again without making any
changes. The only thing you need to be careful of here is that the app
you use doesn’t add a watermark and that it doesn’t compress the
photo, or crop it.
You’re obviously going to want a free app in this case so we recommend
Snapseed by Google or Darkroom by Adobe. Both let you save a
copy of a photo without having to make single change to it. Once
you’ve saved a copy, simply connect your phone to your PC/Mac and copy
it from the device’s storage like you would any other photo.
Source How To Import A Photo Edited On Your iPhone To Your Computer