Simple question, how can I extract files from an AppImage?
GUI, CLI, it doesn't matter, as long as it gets the job done.
I'm using openSUSE Tumbleweed if it matters
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First, look if your AppImage file is using the newest version of its internal format:
If you see the following line in the output:
--appimage-extract Extract content from embedded filesystem image
you can conclude yourself how to proceed. In this case you have a (newer) type 2 AppImage format in front of you. (The 'path' part of the command may be relative or absolute.)
Second, if the first command didn't work, you can use a helper tool. However, you need sudo/root privileges for this: download
appimagetool (which off course is available as an AppImage). Make it executable and run:
/path/to/appimagetool-x86_64.AppImage --list /path/to/your.AppImage
This should give you a list of all files and their (relative) paths embedded in your.AppImage. To extract your.AppImage into a directory named and located at /path/to/somedir , run
mkdir /path/to/somedir /path/to/appimagetool-x86_64.AppImage /path/to/your.AppImage /path/to/somedir
Third, you can mount AppImages (type 1 as well as type 2) without the helper tool too:
mkdir mountpoint sudo mount -o loop my.AppImage mountpoint/ # You can now inspect the contents # You can now also copy the contents to a writable location of your hard disk sudo umount mountpoint/ # Do not forget the umount step! # If you do forget it, your system may exhibit unwanted behavior.
mkdir mountpoint my.AppImage --appimage-offset 123456 # This is just an example output sudo mount my.AppImage mountpoint/ -o offset=123456 # you can now inspect the contents sudo umount mountpoint/ # Do not forget the umount step! # If you do forget it, your system may exhibit unwanted behavior.
Hint for the 'paranoid': If you do not want to trust the AppImage, the third method is preferable. Because running (for type 2 AppImages)
the.AppImage --appimage-extract or
the.AppImage --appimage-mount or
the.AppImage --appimage-offset means you are actually executing an AppImage (though not its content).
To answer the question of @jayarjo in the comment below (how to re-package the AppImage after modifications?):
You can use appimagetool not just to extract an existing AppImage into an AppDir. You can use it to also re-package the AppDir (possibly after some changes) back into a (modified) AppImage.
appimagetool -v /path/to/AppDir
Watch output of command (made verbose by
-v) for the location and name of the newly created AppImage. That's it.
Based on the answer here, I've create this simple bash script. But I've never encounter an AppImage that I could extract with a loop device. EDIT: Just did: "wxHexEditor"
#!/bin/bash APP="$2" UNPK="$(echo $APP | sed 's/\.AppImage//')" case "$1" in -a) chmod +x $APP; ./$APP --appimage-extract mv squashfs-root $UNPK ;; -b) mkdir -p /tmp/$UNPK sudo mount -o loop $APP /tmp/$UNPK &>/dev/null mkdir -p ~/Desktop/$UNPK cp -R /tmp/$UNPK/* ~/Desktop/$UNPK &>/dev/null sudo umount /tmp/$UNPK ;; *) echo echo " Usage: appunpack [option] AppImageFile" echo echo " Options: -a Unpack using --appimage-extract" echo " -b Unpack using a loop device" ;; esac
I faced to the same problem when I needed to extract
appimagetool in aarch64 chroot environment. The problem was the AppImage application was not possible to execute because of:
Exec format error
The all problem is howto get offset of squashfs file system. If you have it, you can use one of the method already described here. Finally the solution is pretty simple. I guess I am working with Type 2 AppImage. At the start of the AppImage is ELF file and than image of squashfs.
The size of ELF file (= offset of AppImage) can be computed based on the information of
readelf -h AppImageFile. See here Size of ELF file
For my needs I wrote simple bash script. Expect the image is stored at
ELFSIZE=$(readelf -h /tmp/appimagetool) START_OF_SECTION=$(echo $ELFSIZE | grep -oP "(?<=Start of section headers: )[0-9]+") SECTION_SIZE=$(echo $ELFSIZE | grep -oP "(?<=Size of section headers: )[0-9]+") SECTION_NO=$(echo $ELFSIZE | grep -oP "(?<=Number of section headers: )[0-9]+") APPIMG_OFFSET=$(( $START_OF_SECTION + $SECTION_SIZE * $SECTION_NO ))
Extract image to folder
/usr/local/share/appimagetool by command
unsquashfs -o $APPIMG_OFFSET -d /usr/local/share/appimagetool /tmp/appimagetool
Finally can create link to the executable:
ln -s /usr/local/share/appimagetool/AppRun /usr/local/bin/appimagetool