Given a spreadsheet like this:

x | pressure | distance | height

I would like an output like this:

pressure pressure
pressure distance
pressure height
distance pressure
distance distance
distance height
height pressure
height distance
height height

Assuming your data is in A1,

Then in C1 enter the below as an array formula, hold CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER after entering


then in D1 enter the below:


Then drag them both down until you get a REF error in column C.

Change $A$1:$A$3 in both formulas to suit your range of original data.

  • In my use case A1 is empty and B1:D1 and A2:A4 are used. Tweaking your solution doesn't work for me. – anon8723879278 Apr 3 '18 at 16:18
  • @anon8723879278 - In, say cell A6, use this: =INDEX($A$2:$A$4,CEILING(ROWS($B$1:B1)/(SUM(1/COUNTIF($A$2:$A$4,$A$2:$A$4))),1),1) (enter with CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER, and drag down). Then in B6 enter this and drag down: =INDEX($A$2:$A$4,COUNTIF($A$6:A6,A6),1) – BruceWayne Apr 3 '18 at 18:52

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