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I'm going to get a new display for my laptop from another laptop which is not turning on. Is there a way to get confirmed that the display is working (not a thorough test; in a basic way) by using some sort of a power adapter or so, without connecting to a laptop.

(The current display I have is working but it got some problems like having black lines in the middle, So I would like to know whether one I'm going to replace is working beforehand)

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Is there a way to get confirmed that the display is working [...] without connecting to a laptop?

Unfortunately, no.

These panels don't have a handy 5v / 12v connection point which will allow them to run a self-test, illuminating the backlight and drawing patterns on the panel.

The only real way to check that a panel is working is to connect it to something that can drive it suitably, and to put up white / red / green / blue / black, checking for dead pixels or other problems.

Additionally, watch out (you've not specified), as a panel from one laptop will probably not work in another laptop unless they are the same model, and potentially even the same chassis / enclosure / motherboard revision - there can be mechanical differences too, not just electrical (e.g: thickness, mounting points, etc).

The best approach here is to connect the potential donor panel to your laptop and check it out.

  • 2
    Panels with LED backlight (not CCFL) are usually compatible if they match in size and connector side (left/right). – AndreKR Apr 8 '18 at 2:02
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The connection standard used for MOST but not all large flat-panel displays (inside notebook computers and flat screen monitors) is called FPD-Link (also called LVDS colloquially. FPD-Link is based on LVDS, but not every LVDS interface is FPD-Link or even a display interface at all). Some other designs are known to use the "embedded display port" interface.

This is an interface that is not meant to be interacted with by consumers, but engineers, knowledgeable repair personnel, and people (professional or amateur) with equivalent knowledge.

FPDLink does not have entirely standardized physical connectors, and in the worst case the connectors on a certain display and a certain computer would physically mate but be differently wired, resulting in non-function or even equipment damage.

Before even trying to "transplant" such panels, check:

  • if available, the datasheets for both display panels. Compare power requirements (a panel might initially work but overload and stress the power supply!), pinouts.

  • Backlighting components might not be considered part of the display assembly, and thus not be in the panel datasheet, even if they are glued onto it.

  • If backlighting parts are seperately wired, are they compatible? The fact that connectors physically mate is not sufficient. Especially, do not even try to mix and match backlights and backlight power supplies (in case the backlight power supply is external to the panel). There might be a datasheet available on the web on the backlight power supply modules, you would need to compare input power requirements, pinouts...

  • if no datasheet is available, compare the wiring in both systems - do twisted wire pairs (or thicker pairs of traces on a printed cable) go to the same pins?

Be aware that electronics modules that are not meant to be user-serviceable tend to REALLY dislike (read: you might get away with them, but you might also permanently wreck the component!) some behaviours easily incurred when experimenting around:

  • Applying power to multiple power inputs (eg 5 and 12V) at different times
  • Applying power with signal inputs physically disconnected (different thing from "connected to a signal source that is powered off!")
  • Having ANY input pin (unless the datasheet says it is OK), even if the function assigned to it is not needed, physically not connected while running.
  • Applying ANYTHING to more than one pin while the circuit ground is physically disconnected
  • Applying signals while the receiver is unpowered
  • Applying power while signals are already being applied

Explanation for many of these: A lot of circuit designs rely on signal voltages being above the voltage on circuit ground (being disconnected does not count as being at 0 volts!) and below the voltage on a given power input at any given time, and will crash horribly if these assumptions are violated - and most of the scenarios described do exactly that. The last scenario I described is well known to be fatal to these old-school, one or two line alphanumeric LCDs (HD44780 type. Different from a notebook display, but... ) often found on industrial equipment - they tend to go up in smoke if you do that).

Also, be aware that old-style (pre-LED) backlight systems are not toys - there is voltage high enough to both shock you and damage other parts of the equipment if accidentally shorted into them. Also, the backlight tubes in these combine the features of being easily broken and being toxic when broken.

3

There are LVDS panel testers available on the usual shopping platforms, which come with a bunch of cables and an inverter for CCFL backlights. They cost about half the price of a new panel, so if this is for a one time occasion it might not be worth it.

  • Sounds good :) Caveat: If these are like most alibabaware tools intended for skilled users, they might have incomplete or missing documentation, making them hard to use for someone inexperienced in electronics maintenance. – rackandboneman Apr 8 '18 at 12:31
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I simply suggest to connect an external panel (to DVI/HDMI for example) and to use Fn computer key to swap to use the external display. If the external display work, your graphic chip/card is working so you can go deeply to the internal LCD diag. That is not the solution but a first simple approach to diag your issue, don't you think so?

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