In the past it was possible to browse the browser cache by visiting
chrome://cache/ but it seems to have been (re)moved?
It was removed on purpose and it won't be coming back.
chrome://view-http-cache have been removed starting chrome 66. They work in version 65.
You can check the
chrome://chrome-urls/ for complete list of internal Chrome URLs.
The only workaround that comes into my mind is to use
menu/more tools/developer tools and having a
Network tab selected.
The reason why it was removed is this bug: