33

On my Linux box (Gentoo Linux 2.6.31 to be specific) I have noticed that the HOSTNAME environment variable is available in my shell, but not in scripts. For example,

$ echo $HOSTNAME

returns

xxxxxxxx.com,

but

$ ruby -e 'puts ENV["HOSTNAME"]'

returns

nil

On the other hand, the USER environment variable, for instance, is available both in the shell and in scripts.

I have noticed that USER appears in the list of environment variables that appears when I type

export

i.e.,

declare -x USER="infogrind"

but HOSTNAME doesn't. I suspect the issue has something to do with that.

My questions: 1) how can I make HOSTNAME available in scripts, and 2) for my better understanding, where is this variable initially set, and why is it not "exported"?

2 Answers 2

27

$HOSTNAME is a Bash variable that's set automatically (rather than in a startup file). Ruby probably runs sh for its shell and it doesn't include that variable. There's no reason you can't export it yourself.

bash$ echo $HOSTNAME
foobar
bash$ sh -c 'echo $HOSTNAME'

bash$ export HOSTNAME
bash$ sh -c 'echo $HOSTNAME'
foobar

You could add the export command to one of your startup files, such as ~/.bashrc.

In Ruby (irb shown):

>> require 'socket'
=> true
>> Socket.gethostname
=> "bazinga"
2
1

To be precise, HOSTNAME is a Bash variable but it's not a Bash environment variable (i. e. it's not passed in environment to child processes). One can check this by looking at env output:

/tmp$ echo $BASH_VERSION
5.2.21(1)-release
/tmp$ echo $HOSTNAME
wheleph-mbp.local
/tmp$ env | grep HOSTNAME
/tmp$

ENV["HOSTNAME"] reads environment passed to Ruby interpreter, hence it cannot find HOSTNAME there.

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