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I want to extract the lines that matches the following logical operation:

"AB+CD" AND ("nonAB+nonCD" OR "nonAB+CD"). 

Which means I want lines with:

AB+CD,nonAB+nonCD
AB+CD,nonAB+CD
AB+CD,nonAB+nonCD,nonAB+CD

Meaning that I am looking for lines with "AB+CD" with one or both of ("nonAB+nonCD" OR "nonAB+CD").
Note that the + is part of the string. I want to treat it as a string (character) not arithmetic operation.

What I did is using pipe to execute AND. And use \| for the OR. So My command is:

grep ',AB+CD' test.txt | grep ',nonAB+nonCD\|,nonAB+CD'

The first | is for piping. The second is logical OR for grep as per this reference that gives this example for logical OR with grep:

grep 'pattern1\|pattern2' filename

The result that appears to me in the terminal colors (finds) the second part of the command. The first part (before the pipe | is not highlighted in the colored result. My question:

1) Is my command correct?

2) How to color the complete command findings?

  • The escape sequences for colouring the output are generated only on terminal output: if passed into a pipe, they could interfere with a subsequent match. You would therefore need to make the whole match with a single grep call. This should be possible with grep -E (or egrep), and I'll have a look at a possible match string. In your examples, AB+CD precedes nonAB: is this always the case? Your double search will match, even if AB+CD comes later. – AFH Jun 9 '18 at 11:33
  • No specific order in my case. Just AB+CD is a must. Then the others ,nonAB+nonCD or ,nonAB+CD at least one of them need to be matched. – user9371654 Jun 9 '18 at 11:38
  • Some initial tests show that the match will need to take the form pattern1.*pattern2, which means that all the intermediate characters between the two patterns will be part of the match and therefore coloured. Will this be satisfactory? – AFH Jun 9 '18 at 11:51
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Using -P option (PCRE):

grep -P 'AB\+CD,(?:nonAB\+nonCD|nonAB\+CD)' file.txt

Output:

AB+CD,nonAB+nonCD
AB+CD,nonAB+CD
AB+CD,nonAB+nonCD,nonAB+CD

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