I have %var1% and %var2%


If a user types %var1% as "file.txt", how can I (if possible) check only the three last characters (Or the file format if that's possible) to see if it matches %var2%'s three last characters or file format?

Another method that does the same thing is also welcome (But the user-input variable must be there)


2 Answers 2


If you are going to check a fixed number of characters, then you should check the last 4, else "file.Log" will match "file.myLog".

But the best option is to get the actual extension, regardless the length:

@echo off
set "var1=file.Log"
set "var2=file.myLog"

:: Option 1 using FOR loops
for %%A in ("%var1%") do for %%B in ("%var2%") do if "%%~xA"=="%%~xB" (
  echo Match
) else (
  echo No Match

: Option 2 using CALL parameters
call :matchExtension "%var1%" "%var2%" &&echo Match||echo No Match
exit /b

:matchExtension file1 fil2 --> returns 0 (success) if match, 1 (error) if no match
if "%~x1"=="%~x2" exit /b 0
exit /b 1

How do I check if the three last characters of a variable match another variable?

Use variable substring syntax to extract the last 3 characters of each variable.

Example batch file:

@echo off
set /p var1="UserInput: "
set var1last3=%var1:~-3%
set var2=file.log
set var2last3=%var2:~-3%
if %var1last3% == %var2last3% (
  echo Match
  ) else (
  echo No Match

Further Reading

  • It doesn't affect your answer's functionality, but why have you set enabledelayedexpansion when you don't use any !var! expansions?
    – AFH
    Oct 21, 2018 at 17:58
  • @AFH Force of habit. I've removed it to avoid any confusion:)
    – DavidPostill
    Oct 21, 2018 at 19:17
  • 1
    While your code answers the question, it doesn't really solve the problem. Examples where it won't work correctly: list.txt vs listxt, stuff.docx vs stuff.ocx, file1.o vs file2.o. These are all valid extensions for actual file formats, only listxt is a made up extension-less file name.
    – gronostaj
    Oct 22, 2018 at 7:29

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