I have a low-powered all-in-one pc that I like to install windows 10 on as it has windows 7 currently installed. and I was wondering if there any steps that I can do in order to make it run a bit faster. right now with a fresh install of Windows 7, it takes about 4.5-5 minutes to just boot into the desktop. also, I did a PassMark CPU test and it gave a score of ~150 just to give you an idea of how low-powered this system is.

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  • Windows 10 does a good job of adapting itself to the hardware, although with not enough RAM or a slow disk, there isn't much that it can do. Any advice we will give here will likely be to improve the hardware. – harrymc Dec 1 at 15:34
  • My own experience with two older machines running XP and Win 8.1 is that Windows 10 was too slow, and on testing Linux (Ubuntu, though Lubuntu might have been a better choice), they ran acceptably. Try running Linux from USB, without installation, to see if it offers advantages. – DrMoishe Pippik Dec 2 at 2:07
  • Lubuntu was my first choice as well. however, I had to ditch the idea for now for a few reasons one of them being that the latest version of Lubuntu(18.10) does not have an OEM-install option yet and I need to change the OS on over 200 machines at my school (i work in the IT team as a part-time). and as for why I don't use 18.04 is simply because it does not have LXQt and we need to install an OS with an interface that is as close to the windows interface as possible so that students can easily use it. otherwise im back to square one. – user22341 Dec 2 at 21:16

Based on the comments to my previous answer I have updated my answer.

I would suggest Linux Mint Mate or Xfce edition. Both are lightweight Linux distributions that are easy to use. In addition to that, Mint has a strong support community if you have issues.

I would definitely test these both these distros to see how well they run on your hardware. I think they should be fine, but there are lighter weight distros out there, such as Puppy Linux and Bodhi.

Windows 10 will run approximately at the same speed Windows 7 did. Windows 10 will do some self-optimizations based on your hardware. However, the improvements will be minimal.

You didnt list your hardware, which would help. However, if Windows 7 takes 5 minutes to boot, that is a very strong indicator of an extreme lack of memory (RAM). If possible, add more memory to the computer. For Windows 10, I would aim for 4GB of RAM as the minimum. Generally speaking, any machine below 4GB of RAM will be visibly faster after the upgrade. If it is a 32 bit machine, then that is the limit. If its a 64 bit machine, you could go higher, depending on the hardware. However, depending on the machine and its use, there are diminishing returns on that.

Another excellent way to speed up a low end computer is replacing the hard drive (HDD) with a solid state disk (SSD). SSDs are significantly faster and you should also see a visible improvement in speed.

If you wanted to take it a step further and you are more technically inclined, you can upgrade the CPU. This requires doing some research to see if it is possible and if the cost is worth the benefit. Upgrading an older CPU with a better older CPU will make the computer faster, but that bump in performance might be insignificant when running a modern OS and applications.

Personally, I would start with increasing the RAM and adding a SSD. Those two should make a significant boost in performance at a low cost.

  • I should have given some background with my question. first, I don't own the pc in question. I work with the IT team at my school as a part-time job and we were trying to find a good substitute for the OS installed on the machines that are currently running the smart-boards since the complaints about them are starting to pile up and the university are not willing to replace them any time soon. initially, I tried to use Lubuntu which worked ok-ish on the machine but didn't play nicely with the projector for some reason. as for the specs each machine has an intel atom D425 @1.8 ghz – user22341 Dec 2 at 21:01
  • with 2gb of ram and a 320gb HDD. and sadly upgrading anything is not an option. we have to work with what we have. – user22341 Dec 2 at 21:02
  • @user22341 Those specs are pretty bad. So what do are you actually trying to use these machines for? – Keltari Dec 2 at 23:13
  • typical classroom type of load (mainly viewing documents) as well as some light web browsing. the only reason I went with windows 10 is that the students here are unfamiliar with Linux. if there is a Linux distro that looks and feels like win10 then I'll just use that one. – user22341 Dec 3 at 5:54
  • @user22341 I updated my answer. – Keltari Dec 3 at 6:07

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