I have the following error when trying to compile a c++ program while linking the library Libssh on Windows (packages libssh-common and libssh-devel both installed with cygwin). Clion doesn't give me an include error and cmake finds the library during the Cmake reload of Clion, but when compiling/linking it complains that the references are undefined.

Could someone point out my stupid mistake? Thanks in advance!

Scanning dependencies of target main
[ 50%] Building CXX object CMakeFiles/main.dir/main.cpp.o
[100%] Linking CXX executable main.exe
CMakeFiles/main.dir/main.cpp.o:main.cpp:(.text+0x30): undefined reference to `ssh_new'
CMakeFiles/main.dir/main.cpp.o:main.cpp:(.text+0x30): relocation truncated to fit: R_X86_64_PC32 against undefined symbol `ssh_new'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status

my CmakeLisst.txt

add_executable(main main.cpp)
    target_link_libraries(main ${LIBSSH_LIBRARIE})
endif ()

output Cmake reload

C:\Users\seven\.CLion2018.3\system\cygwin_cmake\bin\cmake.exe -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE= -DCMAKE_MAKE_PROGRAM=C:/cygwin64/bin/make.exe -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=C:/cygwin64/bin/gcc.exe -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=C:/cygwin64/bin/g++.exe -G "CodeBlocks - Unix Makefiles" "/cygdrive/c/Users/seven/Documents/github/Server control"
-- Configuring done
-- Generating done
-- Build files have been written to: /cygdrive/c/Users/seven/Documents/github/Server control/cmake-build-default-cygwin



#include <stdlib.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <libssh\libssh.h>

int main() {
    std::cout << "Hello world" << std::endl;
    ssh_session my_ssh_session = ssh_new();
    return 0;

--update 1-- CmakeOutput.log github gist


Had to change my cmakelist to the following

    target_link_libraries(main -L${LIBSSH_LIBRARY} -lssh)
endif ()
  • Are you completely positive the LIBSSH_FOUND part in CMakeLists.txt is executed? Try to inspect CMakeOutput.log and CMakeError.log for making sure and possible helpful hints – valiano Jan 5 '19 at 19:31
  • 1
    @valiano Well, it manages to print out the correct version number, so I thought the block executed. I tried to find CMakeError.log but it isn't present in my project files. I don't find any weird entries in CmakeOutput.log but I find nothing about libssh either. I will give a github gist – tibovanheule Jan 5 '19 at 20:02
  • Thanks for the gist Tibo_Vanheule. It's difficult for me to say whether libssh is indeed picked. You can check whether it's actually linked against with: run make VERBOSE=1 from the command line, where your project Makefile is located (possibly change one source file to force the build). Then, look for the ld command line in the build output. – valiano Jan 5 '19 at 20:19
  • Okay, so after running make VERBSOE=1. I looked in the output and didn't found the ld command. make verbose output .Thanks for the answer! – tibovanheule Jan 5 '19 at 21:13

Judging from make VEBOSE=1 output, the libssh library is indeed not linked against.

Try fixing these lines in your CMakeLists.txt:

target_link_libraries(main ${LIBSSH_LIBRARY})
  • The parameter to link_directories should be LIBSSH_LIBRARY_DIR, rather than LIBSSH_INCLUDE_DIR.
  • The parameter to target_link_libraries should be LIBSSH_LIBRARY, rather than LIBSSH_LIBRARIE.

Or, alternatively:

target_link_libraries(main -L${LIBSSH_LIBRARY_DIR} -lssh")
| improve this answer | |
  • Thank you, it fixes the link, but gave new error, sadly! make[2]: *** No rule to make target '/usr/lib/cygssh.dll', needed by 'main.exe'. Stop. new verbose gist and yes i installed all openssh related packages – tibovanheule Jan 6 '19 at 15:24
  • Hmm... You get cygssh.dll, but I think you're really looking for libssh.a. What if you use target_link_libraries(main -L${LIBSSH_LIBRARY_DIR} -lssh")? Or, even hard code the path to libssh.a, if nothing else works. – valiano Jan 6 '19 at 19:05
  • It now compiles perfectly, Thank you very much for helping me! – tibovanheule Jan 6 '19 at 21:50
  • @tibovanheule gladly! – valiano Jan 7 '19 at 6:33

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