144

Is there a way to list the available drives from cmd.exe ? (Other than manually typying

c:
d:
...

and seeing which ones return errors)

11 Answers 11

163
> wmic logicaldisk get caption

Caption
C:
D:
E:

if probably the easiest one. Doesn't need administrative privileges, doesn't return more or less than what's needed, etc.

If you want to use it in a script, then wrap it in for /f with the skip=1 option:

for /f "skip=1 delims=" %%x in ('wmic logicaldisk get caption') do @echo.%%x
15
  • 1
    only for users with administrator rights Apr 16, 2015 at 16:16
  • 1
    @CarlosCampderrós: works fine for me from a limited user account.
    – Joey
    Apr 16, 2015 at 16:51
  • 1
    Quoting from support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/290216 "Wmic.exe can only be used by the local system administrators regardless of WMI namespace permissions on the local machine", and it failed on my machine (a VM with winXP) Apr 17, 2015 at 8:42
  • 4
    It worked just fine under a non-admin account on a Windows 8.1 here. Note that the KB article applies only to legacy operating systems.
    – Joey
    Apr 17, 2015 at 10:33
  • 1
    @Joey, Why caption instead of wmic logicaldisk get name ?
    – Pacerier
    Apr 23, 2015 at 17:33
89

If you're in Command Prompt:

diskpart

then

list volume

sample output:

  Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
  ----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
  Volume 0     E                       DVD-ROM         0 B  No Media
  Volume 1         System Rese  NTFS   Partition    100 MB  Healthy    System
  Volume 2     C   System       NTFS   Partition     99 GB  Healthy    Boot
  Volume 3     F   Data (local  NTFS   Partition    365 GB  Healthy

and finally

exit

to return to the command line.

3
  • in contrast to the net use command, this will only list local physical drives. (i think.) see diskpart at technet and diskpart at support.microsoft.com May 11, 2010 at 12:33
  • 5
    diskpart needs administrative privileges. If you just want a list of drive letters that's a bit much to ask for ...
    – Joey
    May 11, 2010 at 13:30
  • 'diskpart' is not recognized as an internal or external command, Oct 1, 2019 at 10:13
34

For the sake of completeness, there is yet another way:

fsutil fsinfo drives

which returns:

Drives: C:\ D:\ E:\ F:\

(Not a very scripting-friendly output, but it may be useful for human eye)

Some reference. That should work since win2k but only with Administrator account.

(Thanks @Carlos Campderrós for enhancing the answer)

4
  • 5
    It should be noted that this only work if you are using an Administrator account Apr 16, 2015 at 16:11
  • 2
    @CarlosCampderrós I don't think that's correct. I can run fsutil with a limited user, and the result is much faster than spinning up the wmic system. On my box with only SSDs running windows 10 v 1803, wmic takes 100-200ms, and fsutil takes ~20ms.
    – mrm
    Sep 20, 2018 at 18:24
  • 1
    @mrm, some windows version (or release, or build of w10) probably losened this restriction. I tested this on wxp and w7pro, and it failed without an admin account (AFAIR).
    – saulius2
    Sep 20, 2018 at 18:48
  • 1
    I second the observation by @saulius2
    – Fr0zenFyr
    Jul 18, 2019 at 4:46
13

If you're using powershell then you can type in

get-psdrive -psprovider filesystem

Edited in response to comments to only show filesystems

3
  • 1
    That will also return other non-filesystem drives that are mounted, such as Cert:, Alias: and Function:. Furthermore, it will return other file-system directories mounted as a PSDrive (such as Home: for %UserProfile% for me).
    – Joey
    May 11, 2010 at 13:31
  • 1
    This is the only answer that worked for me. All other solutions seem to require administrator access. (At least on my horribly outdated Windows XP system.)
    – Ajedi32
    Jul 6, 2015 at 17:22
  • 1
    You can just use get-psdrive if you don't mind seeing non-filesystem drives listed.
    – cowlinator
    Dec 4, 2020 at 0:36
12
wmic logicaldisk get volumename,name

You can get (query) multiple properties this way.  This will give you the partition/drive letter and the label you gave the drive/partition when you formatted the drive:

Name  VolumeName
C:    OS
D:    Data
E:    Programs

For help and to list all the permission options:

wmic logicaldisk /?

then

wmic logicaldisk get /?
2
  • I was trying to get the drive letter of the CD/DVD ROM and the closest thing I could find to get that is wmic logicaldisk get name,filesystem. Normal drives will list as NTFS or FAT32, and the CD/DVD ROM's filesystem will be empty.
    – akinuri
    May 13, 2018 at 13:51
  • Correction: if the drive is empty, filesystem is empty. If not, e.g. I have Windows 10 disc in it at the moment, and it's listed as UDF.
    – akinuri
    May 13, 2018 at 13:58
7

Use the doskey built in function to create an alias that runs the wmic command with the necessary atributes

doskey v=wmic logicaldisk get caption

This will create an aliases "v" that whenever typed will run the given command and list all volume letters.

2
  • oh nice, didn't know about doskey (like powershell's Set-Alias)
    – BananaAcid
    Jun 15, 2016 at 22:17
  • Highly underrated answer, been using CMD for years and never realised aliases were a thing with it. Apr 15, 2019 at 18:41
5

To see available drives and their mount points from the cli I use

mountvol

You can also use the unmounted volume GUID for some commands like chkdsk and stuff.

1
  • What Windows versions have you used it on? On w10 [Version 10.0.19042.1348] it shows me only a help screen, sadly.
    – saulius2
    Dec 3, 2021 at 9:43
4

When you're using powershell, you can use the simple command

get-volume

and get a nice list with 8 columns:

DriveLetter Label FileSystem DriveType Health OperStatus FreeSpace Size

I write Label where get-volume writes FriendlyName (and I have abbreviated some of the titles in the list in order to minimize the risk of scrolling horizontally to see the end of the line).

2

In VBscript we can use:

Dim fso,colDrives,objDrive
Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Set colDrives = fso.Drives
For Each objDrive in colDrives
  Wscript.Echo "Drive letter: " & objDrive.DriveLetter
Next

In Powershell you can list drives inside an array with:

$drives=gdr -psp FileSystem|select -eXp root

Here it selects root property which shows like C:\ where name shows like C.

To iterate over drives in batch you can use:

@echo off
for /f "tokens=2 delims==" %%a in ('wmic logicalDisk get caption /format:List ^| find /I "caption"') do (
  echo %%~a is your drive letter
  echo Do what you like here
)
1
  • You shouldn’t post three separate answers for three different methods. I took the answers you posted here as well as here and combined them in this answer. Jan 5 at 17:45
1

my approach would be a batch file with a standalone single command, (not external command needed)...

echo Available Drives:
for %%v in (A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z) do if exist "%%v:\\" echo %%v:
1
  • Looks genius and very portable! Thanks.
    – saulius2
    May 11 at 6:07
0

I absolutely love the pure batch method shown in the answer from cybercontroler, all internal commands no less!

I wanted to share my batch edit/modification that based on cybercontroler's answer.

For my current project, I needed to identify which drive labeled as DATA so I replaced the echo command with vol (internal command).

I also used the set command to create the variable [1] that would contain the full set of capital letters in order to shorten the for command's length.

Since if exist will be checking for drive letters only, there will never be a space character in this test, so I omitted the double quotes.

Testing the omission the two back slashes yields the same results.

The added command line @echo off filtered the output to show results only.

I piped the results to the external find command to filter serial number lines created by the vol command.

I placed a pause command so that it wouldn't be necessary to run a "Command Prompt" beforehand in order to see the results when clicking on the batch file.

The results from the original identified all available drive letters mixed in with for command processing the full set of capital letters. With @echo off filtering, my run displayed:

C:
D:

The results using vol displays: Volume in drive C is OS

 Volume in drive D is DATA
Press any key to continue . . . 

Here's my batch file which includes both for commands; you can comment-out the for command that you do not want to run by prefixing command lines with two colons (::).

Batch File

echo Available Drives:
for %%v in (A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z) do if exist "%%v:\\" 

echo %%-:
@echo off
set [1]=A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
for %%- in (%[1]%) do if exist %%-: vol %%-: | find "in drive"
pause

Note that this batch method does not identify DVD drives, not sure why. But the command fsutil fsinfo drives does. My output reads: Drives: C:\ D;\ J:\ (J:\ being my DVD drive.)

2
  • Hi, I'm new to answering. After I pasted a batch code, lines ran into each other and Giacomo fixed it. If I pasted batch code in a Code Block will that preserve my original spacing? --Bill
    – Billy-Boy
    Jan 6 at 17:45
  • Thanks for noting the DVD exception.
    – saulius2
    May 11 at 6:11

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.