98

Is there a way to list the available drives from cmd.exe ? (Other than manually typying

c:
d:
...

and seeing which ones return errors)

119
> wmic logicaldisk get caption

Caption
C:
D:
E:

if probably the easiest one. Doesn't need administrative privileges, doesn't return more or less than what's needed, etc.

If you want to use it in a script, then wrap it in for /f with the skip=1 option:

for /f "skip=1 delims=" %%x in ('wmic logicaldisk get caption') do @echo.%%x
  • 1
    only for users with administrator rights – Carlos Campderrós Apr 16 '15 at 16:16
  • 1
    @CarlosCampderrós: works fine for me from a limited user account. – Joey Apr 16 '15 at 16:51
  • 1
    Quoting from support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/290216 "Wmic.exe can only be used by the local system administrators regardless of WMI namespace permissions on the local machine", and it failed on my machine (a VM with winXP) – Carlos Campderrós Apr 17 '15 at 8:42
  • 4
    It worked just fine under a non-admin account on a Windows 8.1 here. Note that the KB article applies only to legacy operating systems. – Joey Apr 17 '15 at 10:33
  • 1
    @Joey, Why caption instead of wmic logicaldisk get name ? – Pacerier Apr 23 '15 at 17:33
64

If you're in Command Prompt:

diskpart

then

list volume

sample output:

  Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
  ----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
  Volume 0     E                       DVD-ROM         0 B  No Media
  Volume 1         System Rese  NTFS   Partition    100 MB  Healthy    System
  Volume 2     C   System       NTFS   Partition     99 GB  Healthy    Boot
  Volume 3     F   Data (local  NTFS   Partition    365 GB  Healthy

and finally

exit

to return to the command line.

  • in contrast to the net use command, this will only list local physical drives. (i think.) see diskpart at technet and diskpart at support.microsoft.com – quack quixote May 11 '10 at 12:33
  • 3
    diskpart needs administrative privileges. If you just want a list of drive letters that's a bit much to ask for ... – Joey May 11 '10 at 13:30
  • 'diskpart' is not recognized as an internal or external command, – Karl Morrison Oct 1 at 10:13
18

For the sake of completeness, there is yet another way:

fsutil fsinfo drives

which returns:

Drives: C:\ D:\ E:\ F:\

(Not a very scripting-friendly output, but it may be useful for human eye)

Some reference. That should work since win2k but only with Administrator account.

(Thanks @Carlos Campderrós for enhancing the answer)

  • 4
    It should be noted that this only work if you are using an Administrator account – Carlos Campderrós Apr 16 '15 at 16:11
  • @CarlosCampderrós I don't think that's correct. I can run fsutil with a limited user, and the result is much faster than spinning up the wmic system. On my box with only SSDs running windows 10 v 1803, wmic takes 100-200ms, and fsutil takes ~20ms. – mrm Sep 20 '18 at 18:24
  • @mrm, some windows version (or release, or build of w10) probably losened this restriction. I tested this on wxp and w7pro, and it failed without an admin account (AFAIR). – saulius2 Sep 20 '18 at 18:48
  • I second the observation by @saulius2 – Fr0zenFyr Jul 18 at 4:46
7

If you're using powershell then you can type in

get-psdrive -psprovider filesystem

Edited in response to comments to only show filesystems

  • That will also return other non-filesystem drives that are mounted, such as Cert:, Alias: and Function:. Furthermore, it will return other file-system directories mounted as a PSDrive (such as Home: for %UserProfile% for me). – Joey May 11 '10 at 13:31
  • This is the only answer that worked for me. All other solutions seem to require administrator access. (At least on my horribly outdated Windows XP system.) – Ajedi32 Jul 6 '15 at 17:22
5

Use the doskey built in function to create an alias that runs the wmic command with the necessary atributes

doskey v=wmic logicaldisk get caption

This will create an aliases "v" that whenever typed will run the given command and list all volume letters.

  • oh nice, didn't know about doskey (like powershell's Set-Alias) – BananaAcid Jun 15 '16 at 22:17
  • Highly underrated answer, been using CMD for years and never realised aliases were a thing with it. – Hashim Apr 15 at 18:41
5
wmic logicaldisk get volumename,name

You can get (query) multiple properties this way.  This will give you the partition/drive letter and the label you gave the drive/partition when you formatted the drive:

Name  VolumeName
C:    OS
D:    Data
E:    Programs

For help and to list all the permission options:

wmic logicaldisk /?

then

wmic logicaldisk get /?
  • I was trying to get the drive letter of the CD/DVD ROM and the closest thing I could find to get that is wmic logicaldisk get name,filesystem. Normal drives will list as NTFS or FAT32, and the CD/DVD ROM's filesystem will be empty. – akinuri May 13 '18 at 13:51
  • Correction: if the drive is empty, filesystem is empty. If not, e.g. I have Windows 10 disc in it at the moment, and it's listed as UDF. – akinuri May 13 '18 at 13:58

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.