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Yesterday I installed windows 10 from a bootable USB (which contains a folder named efi so I think this bootable USB support both boot modes). But later I learned that UEFI mode is better than legacy (BIOS) mode. So I first confirmed which boot mode I am in by typing msinfo32 in run dialog and it display legacy.

I also checked my hard disk partition style, its MBR. I know I would need to convert to GPT partition style before I install windows 10 in UEFI mode.

But I don't want to use third party softwares and I also don't want to update to windows creator update probably because windows update takes lot of time and data also all of the third party softwares are paid. So I tried doing it with diskpart utility by booting from bootable USB and opened up cmd in the repair windows and typed these commands:

X:\Sources> diskpart
X:\Sources> list disk
X:\Sources> select disk 0 (as my hdd was disk 0)
X:\Sources> convert gpt

But it says error disk is not convertible.

So how would I reinstall windows in UEFI mode ? Any help would highly appreciated.

Edit:

My BIOS configuration:

My BIOS Info

If I disable the legacy support I am still not able to select secure boot its still grayed. Would that cause any problems when installing windows in UEFI mode ?

  • 1
    As long as your boot mode is Legacy you will be unable to install on a GPT partition. You should delete all partitions on the disk and allow the Windows installation environment to do all the work. After you disable Legacy Mode. The only way to boot to a UEFI environment is to disable Legacy Mode on your machine. – Ramhound Mar 21 at 12:13
  • Secure Boot is never required to be enabled on x86 hardware. It is required on OEM ARM hardware. Infact Microsoft requires the ability for Secure Boot to be disable in order to sell Windows on any x86 hardware. It is enabled by default typically when the hardware supports it. – Ramhound Mar 21 at 21:44
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it says error disk is not convertible.

diskpart only allows "converting" empty disks, so you'll need to delete all partitions using the clear command. If the disk has data that you want to keep, then your only choices are to upgrade to a Windows version that has mbr2gpt, or use third-party software.

also all of the third party softwares are paid

The most common third-party tool for in-place conversion is gdisk (aka gptfdisk), which costs $0.00. It has a Windows .exe version but is primarily a Linux tool; you can find it already present in many "live CDs/USBs" such as the Gparted CD.

  1. Within Linux, use lsblk to find the device name for your disk (usually /dev/sda).
  2. Run gdisk /dev/sda to open the partitioning tool. It'll automatically do the conversion in-memory.
  3. Use gdisk's w command to write the results out to disk and exit.

At this point you can delete the Windows partitions and reinstall. Alternatively, you can manually create an EFI System Partition and use bcdboot (as documented in other threads) to convert the existing Windows installation to UEFI mode.

I also don't want to update to windows creator update probably because windows update takes lot of time

But if you don't want Windows Update to be slow, then why are you installing a three-year-old release in the first place?... Better just make a new Windows 10.1809 USB stick so that you'll get the features immediately after installation. (Preferably using the Media Creation Tool if you want UEFI support – I can no longer recommend Rufus.)

  • You can 'slipstream' the windows update into your downloaded windows 10 installation files, or use the windows USB media creator on a fully updated machine to include the updates. – JohnnyVegas Mar 20 at 7:52
  • Okay I cleaned the hard disk with clean command (as there was no important data on it) then I was able to convert it to gpt but I see secure boot disabled and is grayed in BIOS would that cause any problem ? Check my edited question. – Ahtisham Chishti Mar 20 at 8:06
  • what's the problem with Rufus recently? – phuclv Mar 20 at 8:18
  • Even after converting to gpt I am not able to create more than 4 partitions why ? – Ahtisham Chishti Mar 20 at 8:19
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No need to reinstall at all. Recent Windows 10 versions ship with the MBR2GPT tool.

It has some prerequisites:

  • The disk is currently using MBR
  • There is enough space not occupied by partitions to store the primary and secondary GPTs:
    • 16KB + 2 sectors at the front of the disk
    • 16KB + 1 sector at the end of the disk
  • There are at most 3 primary partitions in the MBR partition table
  • One of the partitions is set as active and is the system partition
  • The disk does not have any extended/logical partition
  • The BCD store on the system partition contains a default OS entry pointing to an OS partition
  • The volume IDs can be retrieved for each volume which has a drive letter assigned
  • All partitions on the disk are of MBR types recognized by Windows or has a mapping specified using the /map command-line option

Given these are met, usage is straightforward:

mbr2gpt /convert /allowFullOS

The tool needs to be invoked from an elevated command prompt. The quickest way to get one is Win, type cmd, press Ctrl+Shift+Enter.

Secure Boot is not required for Windows.

  • As I said in my question I need to update my current windows in order to make mbr2gpt available. But that takes lot of time to update. So I don't want to update my windows right now maybe later in future. – Ahtisham Chishti Mar 20 at 9:26
  • I converted to gpt using diskpart but I am not able to create more than 4 partitions while installing windows why ? Also in the BIOS I can see Notebook Hard Drive under Legacy Boot and not in UEFI Boot why ? – Ahtisham Chishti Mar 20 at 9:30
  • I don’t know what you did. Converting to GPT is only one part of the process. The entirety of the boot setup also needs to be migrated for this to work. // You really should upgrade Windows ASAP. Your pre-1703 version will not receive any updates after April 9. If it’s not an Enterprise/Education version, it hasn’t received updates for almost a year. – Daniel B Mar 20 at 10:03
  • I have converted to gpt I don't think I would need any mbr2gpt tool now. But the question is how would I install windows in UEFI mode now ? Like as you said converting is one process how would you do the next process ? – Ahtisham Chishti Mar 20 at 10:21
  • @AhtishamChishti Boot the installation media in UEFI mode – gronostaj Mar 21 at 13:19
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I’m by no means an expert, but I think what you have to do is disable legacy support, to my understanding “legacy support” enables support for BIOS/MBR partitioned hard drives only and not UEFI/GPT partitioned hard drives, based on this, I would advise you to disable “legacy support” or if there is a UEFI option select that one, once that is done, you should be able to install Windows 10, and as soon as it’s finished installing, hit the Windows+R key, both keys at the same time and in the dialog box type “diskmgmt.msc” right click on drive 0 (or whatever number your hard drive is), then click “properties”, then click the tab “volumes”. If you see (GUID partition table) GPT you’re all good to go. Hope this helps you out!

  • For all motherboards I've encountered so far "legacy support" enables CSM, but booting using UEFI is still possible. – gronostaj Mar 21 at 13:31
  • @gronostaj Dell notebooks actually have two radio buttons. It’s either one or the other. Haven’t seen this anywhere else yet though. – Daniel B Mar 21 at 13:33
  • CSM and Legacy Mode while related are not identical. The description submitted by the author indicates Legacy Mode only supports MBR. So Windows cannot be installed on a GPT partition with Legacy Mode enabled. – Ramhound Mar 21 at 21:41
  • @Ramhound You’re right! – RoadRunnr Mar 21 at 21:53

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