I am new to using Ubuntu. I am trying to install Genymotion so I can have access to an android emulator. In order to use Genymotion, it is required I have VirtualBox. I have VirtualBox installed but it seems as if I need to sign a kernal module... and I really am not sure how to do it. This is the error message I get after running /sbin/vboxconfig :

vboxdrv.sh: Stopping VirtualBox services.
vboxdrv.sh: Starting VirtualBox services.
vboxdrv.sh: Building VirtualBox kernel modules.
vboxdrv.sh: failed: modprobe vboxdrv failed. Please use 'dmesg' to find out why.

There were problems setting up VirtualBox.  To re-start the set-up process, run
as root.  If your system is using EFI Secure Boot you may need to sign the
kernel modules (vboxdrv, vboxnetflt, vboxnetadp, vboxpci) before you can load
them. Please see your Linux system's documentation for more information.

I have tried googling this, but can not seem to find a clear and concise answer with sequential steps. Again, I am fairly new to linux, so any help is welcome. Thanks in advance to all of those who reply.

4 Answers 4


In order to get VirtualBox working without simply disabling UEFI Secure Boot, then you'll need to do the following:

  1. Create a personal public/private RSA key pair to sign the kernel modules. As recommended in the link below, I chose to store the key/pair in the /root/module-signing/ directory.
    sudo -i
    mkdir /root/module-signing
    cd /root/module-signing
    openssl req -new -x509 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout MOK.priv -outform DER -out MOK.der -nodes -days 36500 -subj "/CN=YOUR_NAME/"
    chmod 600 MOK.priv 
  1. Use mokutil, a tool to import or delete the machine owner keys (MOK), to import the public key, and then enroll it when the machine is rebooted. The password in this step is a temporary use password you'll only need to remember for a few minutes.
    mokutil --import /root/module-signing/MOK.der
    input password:
    input password again:
  1. Reboot the machine. When the bootloader starts, you should see a screen asking you to press a button to enter the MOK manager EFI utility. Note that any external external keyboards won't work in this step. Select Enroll MOK in the first menu, then continue, and then select Yes to enroll the keys, and re-enter the password established in step 2. Then select OK to continue the system boot.

  2. Future kernel updates would require the updated kernels to be signed again, so it makes sense to put the signing commands in a script that can be run at a later date as necessary. A sample script /root/module-signing/sign-vbox-modules is given below.


for modfile in $(dirname $(modinfo -n vboxdrv))/*.ko; do
  echo "Signing $modfile"
  /usr/src/linux-headers-$(uname -r)/scripts/sign-file sha256 \
                                /root/module-signing/MOK.priv \
                                /root/module-signing/MOK.der "$modfile"
  1. Add execution permission, and run the script above as root from the /root/module-signing/ directory.
    sudo -i
    cd /root/module-signing
    chmod 700 /root/module-signing/sign-vbox-modules
  1. Load vboxdrv module and launch VirtualBox.
    modprobe vboxdrv 

Most of this information was gained from the following link, and can be referred to for additional information https://stegard.net/2016/10/virtualbox-secure-boot-ubuntu-fail/.

  • 1
    excellent answer, works flawless in Ubuntu 18.04.3 LTS
    – bobby
    Oct 15, 2019 at 18:48
  • 4
    did not work with fedora 30, had a stessful couple hours, where I thought I might have to do a clean install...If you don't know what you're doing (like me), proceed with caution! Nov 7, 2019 at 23:51
  • worked in Ubuntu 19.10
    – gr4nt3d
    Dec 29, 2019 at 13:34
  • How would you create the script in step4 Jan 13, 2020 at 4:33
  • 1
    The keyboard locale in MOK manager EFI utility might be different than your OS keyboard locale. Consider this when choosing a password in step 2.
    – Michael_H
    Mar 10, 2020 at 12:41

I know that this question is old, but because there is no accepted answer and none of these answers solved the issue for me, I am writing how I solved this today:

When running this command, get this error:

$ sudo modprobe vboxdrv
modprobe: ERROR: could not insert 'vboxdrv': Required key not available

The problem is that the module is not signed and therefore not loaded with the kernel. This will happen if your computer has the SecureBoot mode activated, something very common in modern equipment.

That's why I get this error opening any machine in the virtual box

Kernel driver not installed (rc=-1908)

Do the following steps to sign a driver, and it is loaded as a kernel module, on Ubuntu systems and also on Debian 9:

  1. Install the mkutil package to be able to do signed.

    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get upgrade
    sudo apt-get install mokutil
  2. Generate the signature file:

    openssl req -new -x509 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout MOK.priv -outform DER -out MOK.der -nodes -days 36500 -subj "/CN=VirtualBox/"
  3. Then add it to the kernel:

    sudo /usr/src/linux-headers-$(uname -r)/scripts/sign-file sha256 ./MOK.priv ./MOK.der $(modinfo -n vboxdrv)
  4. Register it for the Secure Boot.

    IMPORTANT! That will ask you for a password, put the one you want, you will only have to use it once in the next reboot.

    sudo mokutil --import MOK.der
  5. Finally, restart the computer. A blue screen will appear with a keyboard wait, press the key that asks you to interrupt the boot.

    enter image description here

When you are inside the blue screen, select

Enroll MOK -> Continue -> and it will ask you for the password

that you have previously entered, you will enter it and you will be informed that the operation has been completed successfully.

Now your operating system will start and you can now use VirtualBox without problem :)

Hope this helps someone.


I had this issue. Disable Secure Boot : https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UEFI/SecureBoot/DKMS

  • Not everybody can disable secure boot. Now that we have Windows 11 and people dual booting, this is not an option anymore.
    – Felipe
    Dec 21, 2021 at 20:25

I had the same issue on Ubuntu 20.04, but could not understand why. I tried all the above options but they did not quite work for me. Signing packages seems a bit complex and unnecessary, so I am not quite sure if I did it right, but I managed to figure it out in the end and solved the problem.

What I realised was that this issue occurred only after performing a kernel/dist upgrade. If you manually compile any program on your system and then upgrade your kernel or OS then you get the same problem.

The solution was to install the virtualbox-dkms package. If you look at the installation packages on Synaptic Package Manager you will find loads. (I had virtualbox-6.1)

If you are not sure, just run the following command:

sudo apt install --reinstall virtualbox-dkms

It will first ask to uninstall the current version if it isn't the DKMS and ask to type -y to confirm. (Note: this will not delete your VMs)

  • This will replace the official VirtualBox packages with the Ubuntu ones. This is totally acceptable but you should know that the Ubuntu version is usually older than the official one. If you were looking to use the latest version to fix some bug or any other reason, this will not help you.
    – Felipe
    Dec 21, 2021 at 20:24

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