I have a home-built NAS where I currently have ten 3.5'' SATA HDDs. The PSU I use there is rated for 140W on 5V rail and 480W on 12V rail. Since the 3.5'' HDDs use both 12V and 5V voltages, I would like to know what is the exact balance between the HDD consumption from the 12V and 5V rails?
For example, let's say my HDD is rated for 13W under idle. What percentage of these 13W is coming from 5V and 12V, respectively? I realize that it will most likely be model dependent, but even a very approximate number would be helpful since I assume it should be relatively similar if not identical for most HDDs. Unfortunately, I did not find this information at all in the datasheets provided by manufacturers.
What I am trying to determine is if my 5V rail is enough for that many hard drives. Unfortunately, modern PSUs are heavily oriented towards 12V rails. Likewise, many of the protections are located there rather than on the 5V rail which is why a potential overload on that rail is a concern for me.
So what is the load balance between the 5V and 12V rails for HDD? The only information I found is that 12V spins the motor while 5V powers the electronics. This is not very informative for my problem. In the case almost everything comes from the 5V rail, I might have a problem at some point.
I would appreciate your ideas for that possibility as well.
The solutions I see right now if I start overloading the 5V rail:
New, stronger PSU - this is obvious suggestion but rather problematic since stronger PSUs I looked up are actually stronger only on the 12V rail. But my search was not exhaustive so maybe there is some high powered PSU which has juicier 5V rail as well.
Get a second PSU and spread the load - not ideal, but my preferred solution if nothing better comes to mind.
Thanks for your suggestions!
Note: I realize there is 3.3V cable on SATA connectors as well. Since it's not used by any HDD I ever saw, I am going to ignore it for the purpose of my question. Wish they never put it there in the first place. Just one more thing that can cause a short circuit. :(