How do I disable the Chrome "feature" that causes the following sign-in popup to pop up?
The way to prevent this popup from appearing is adding the site to the trusted sites in your browser.
On top of this it is key to set your browser security settings (internet options) to the following settings:
in the advanced tab enable the integrated windows authentication
This solved my issue for me. Be sure to restart your machine after setting these configs in order for them to take effect.