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What's the difference between SATA and SATA-II (3.0 GB)?

Specifically, if I'm shopping for a new (budget, so not new-new) motherboard, do I need to take into consideration if it supports SATA-II?

And if buying drives for an existing SATA-capable board, do I need to make sure they're not SATA-II drives?

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Both SATA-II connectors are backwards compatible with SATA-I, so it's OK to use a SATA-I drive on a SATA-II board and vice versa. The primary difference is the speed of the connection - SATA-II operates at 3.0 Gbps, whereas SATA-I operates at half that, or 1.5 Gbps.

In most cases, you won't gain any speed improvements using SATA-II over SATA-I, unless you're using very fast server-grade disks or SSDs in your system. Ordinary desktop hard drives cannot saturate the 1.5Gbps connection.

Technically, SATA-II is a misnomer for Revision 2.0 of the SATA specification, just as SATA-I is a misnomer for Revision 1.0 of the spec. Revision 3.0 of the spec adds 6 Gbps speeds. All of these are properly referred to as just SATA.

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