suppose I want to plot a graph and I want to show on the graph some important points. How do I do this in gnuplot? For example, in the graph of y = x2, I want to show (2,4) and (4,16).
I don't think the above answer is very helpful because, as I am writing this, the first google result method is extremely unsatisfactory.
It uses gnuplot's ability to read stdout to generate data, so that
plot "< echo '1 2'"
will put a single data point at the point x=1, y=2.
This has several shortcomings that make it just about unusable.
First, there isn't a good way to pass variables into this method, because it already makes use of both types of quotes. The use of macros to pass variables in sprintf statements is therefore disabled, because a third type of quoting would be necessary.
Second, it requires the plot command to be run in order to call the point into existence. This means that if there is more than one point I want to plot, I have to append plot statements to the main plot statement. If I want to do this in any kind of scripted way, instead of just as an explicit list, I'm back to having to run a macro, which as I've already pointed out, doesn't work for this technique.
Gnuplot does have two techniques that are much more suitable to producing a single point.
First, if you just need a marker at a point, you can use the gnuplot object type to plot a circle at the point, e.g.
set object circle at <x>,<y> size <r>
<y> are the coordinates of the point and
<r> is the size of the circle to be drawn. The circle can be colored, filled, made transparent, etc., like any gnuplot object.
Second, if you really need a marker with a particular point style, you can use gnuplot's
label command. By setting the label text to be empty and assigning a point type, a point will be drawn at the coordinate specified, e.g.,
set label <i> "" at <x>,<y> point pointtype <n>
sets a point with tag index
<i> at the point
y=<y> with the pointtype
<n> (in default wxt terminal, n=1 is red crosses, n=2 is green saltires, n=3 is blue asterisks, etc...)
In this way, multiple points to be plotted can be set, and a separate plot command for another function can be issued without having to clutter the plot statement with all the single points to be plotted.
First you need to define the function to plot
f() for example, use exponentiation symbol
Plot two graphs, one for your function and the other one for the important points.
Then type the data of your points
4 16 and
2 4. You can terminate using
f(x) = x ** 2 plot f(x), '-' with points 4 16 2 4 e
Now you can customize your rendering as you wich.