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I'm wondering if leaving this feature enabled drains the laptop battery while it's turned off. I've searched online already but haven't found a conclusive answer.

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5 Answers 5

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Fast Startup = NO

Source

Fast Startup combines elements of a cold shutdown and the hibernate feature. When you shut down your computer with Fast Startup enabled, Windows closes all applications and logs off all users, just as in a normal cold shutdown. At this point, Windows is in a state very similar to when it’s freshly booted up: No users have logged in and started programs, but the Windows kernel is loaded and the system session is running. Windows then alerts device drivers that support it to prepare for hibernation, saves the current system state to the hibernation file and turns off the computer.

Hibernate = NO

Hibernation is kind of a mix between a traditional shut down and sleep mode primarily designed for laptops. When you tell your PC to hibernate, it saves the current state of your PC—open programs and documents to your hard disk and then turns off your PC. Then when it’s time to start it up again all your previous work is ready and waiting for you. Unlike sleep mode, it doesn’t use any power, but it does take longer to start up again.

Sleep mode = YES

in sleep mode, all the above mentioned data is kept in RAM, which is volatile meaning the RAM must be kept powered to retain the data. But sleep mode uses far less power to maintain inactive data in RAM with the operating system doing nothing as opposed to a running system.

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    @Mast Are you sure they're in hibernation while blinking, and not simply sleep?
    – 8bittree
    Oct 3, 2019 at 17:56
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    This raises the question, why would anyone want to use Fast Startup when it's just a half-assed implementation of Hibernate?
    – Hobbes
    Oct 3, 2019 at 18:40
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    @Hobbes by only saving / loading the kernel data to the hard drive, a much more well known / smaller amount of storage needs to be exchanged with relatively slow nonvolatile storage. If you don't need any usermode data, quite a lot of cruft can be trimmed out of memory. Try closing all your running programs, and look at your memory usage. Then look at the amount of system reserved memory. Even at "idle" there's quite a bit going on that doesn't really need to be preserved between "reboots".
    – Aaron
    Oct 3, 2019 at 21:20
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    @Mehrdad G3 is only when the hard power switch (if you even have one) is off or if the system is unplugged from the wall and the batteries (if any, if they're even removable) are removed. Normal "soft-off" (can be woken by electronic means like a soft power switch, and maybe WoL/alarm/etc.) is S5/G2 and also has a "very low" power consumption. S4 is defined in the ACPI spec as being recoverable even after entry into G3 unless the hardware was changed in the meantime. uefi.org/sites/default/files/resources/ACPI_6_2.pdf
    – hobbs
    Oct 4, 2019 at 5:16
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    @Hobbes "what you call 'cruft' is essential data to me" that, to me, is the difference between fast-start and hibernation, and the reason someone would prefer one over the other. If you have a "working state" and you simply want to "pause" it and come back later, use hibernation (like you, that's what I almost always do). For someone who maybe does one thing at a time (opens mail program, reads emails, closes mail program etc.) they may not get extra benefit from hibernating (though they're probably not losing anything), but fast-start does save the Windows-boot-time.
    – TripeHound
    Oct 4, 2019 at 7:38
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With Fast Startup, Windows closes all applications and logs off all users, alerts device drivers that support it to prepare for hibernation, saves the current system state to the hibernation file, and truly turns off totally the computer.

The battery is no longer used during the time that the computer is turned off, although it should be noted that every battery loses some of its charge over time, although slowly. On another note, if Wake-on-LAN is enabled, then some small amount of power is used for maintaining the network adapter in a semi-sleep state.

When you start the computer again, Windows does not have to reload the kernel, drivers, and system state individually. Instead, it just refreshes your RAM with the loaded image from the hibernation file and delivers you to the login screen. At this point, Windows is in a state very similar to when it’s freshly booted up.

The conclusion is that Fast Startup does not add to the power drain in any way more than cold shutdown.

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I have has fast start running on two laptops and a desktop here for 4 years. As noted above, there is no power drain because of fast start up when powered off. I can remove the laptop battery when powered off.

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It seemingly does accelerate battery drain for one of my laptops after shutdown.

The laptop was having this battery drain after shutdown issue, it's like 80% went down to 30% or something in two weeks, then I turned off the fast startup despite you guys and some other posts on interweeb says otherwise, then after some days observation the issue seemed to be resolved.

So if you have issues with unusually fast battery drain after shutdown you should try disable it, it won't hurt anyways.

From wat I member hardware manufactures and minisoft and what-else have some half-assed after-shutdown system maintenance mechanism or something implanted, called "project Athena" or something, meaning after you powerimg ye computer off it will wakeup sometimes do system update and wat-else, linus or someone said that I think. And fast startup, sleep, hibernation and what else themselves are also prone to prolbmes.

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    – Community Bot
    Jun 15, 2023 at 18:42
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Fast startup is Hibernate state S4 with a smaller hibernation file. It depends on your hardware how much state S4 consumes power.

The system appears to be off. Power consumption is reduced to the lowest level. The system saves the contents of volatile memory to a hibernation file to preserve system state. Some components remain powered so the computer can wake from input from the keyboard, LAN, or a USB device. The working context can be restored if it's stored on nonvolatile media.

Fast startup is where the user is logged off before the hibernation file is created. This allows for a smaller hibernation file, more appropriate for systems with less storage capabilities.

When using fast startup, the system appears to the user as though a full shutdown (S5) has occurred, even though the system has actually gone through S4. This includes how the system responds to device wake alarms.

https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/win32/power/system-power-states

If I enable Fast startup and shutdown my desktop copmputer, my RGB keyboard and mouse will turn on the LEDs when any key is pressed. When Fast startup is disabled this won't happen. Fast startup disabled the power comsumption is 0.3 W and 0.4 W when enabled if the keyboard and mouse are off. When Fast startup is enabled, I can use USB ports to charge my power bank. The power comsumption increases to 5.3 W. This same is true for HP Elitebook 840 G2 laptops. I stored fully charged laptops and wondered why batteries were empty after about 3 monnths.

My old ATX power supple takes 1.9 W even It's not connected to anything except to the wall socket.

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