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I always found the power management settings and energy saving options very confusing since there are more than one.

The first one being the dialog you can open from your taskbar. There is no information at all what those profiles do and how they affect performance, display brighness, etc.:

Power-Management in Taskbar

Also, there is this next window. Where weirdly enough I can't select the three profiles from the taskbar, but one. Does this mean is is not related to the profiles in the taskbar at all?

Energy Profiles

Now it gets really confusing as I can modify the profiles from the previous dialog to be more specific. Here I can set when to power off the monitor or even how much CPU-Performance I want.

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So now I wonder, what happens if I set my CPU-Performance to max and my profile in the taskbar to the lowest setting? What wins? Does it affect one another? And why is it so hard to find information on this? It feels so basic.

Bonus points if someone can to me explain how this is also all affected by the BIOS settings. If my BIOS-settings are wrong, can it be that 100% performance, is not really 100%?

enter image description here

Of course there are also settings in the driver of my laptop's manufacturer. But I'll skip that for now.

Thank you so so much.

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There is not much overlap here between the BIOS and Windows as regarding performance.

The setting you see in the BIOS is only for turning on/off the CPU option of the Enhanced Intel Speedstep® Technology.

This technology is built into the CPU, not under the control of the OS, and it allows the CPU more freedom when dynamically adjusting processor voltage and core frequency. Its aim is to decrease average power consumption and heat production by allowing faster and finer control of the performance parameters.

With or without Speedstep, the CPU will adjust automatically its performance, if it supports boost (and its opposite). This technology is only advertised as giving faster response time so the CPU will detect states of less/more usage faster and so will lower/increase its power consumption faster. It should be more of importance to large computer centers where power is costly.

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