I'm trying to make use of cgroups to force certain applications to bypass my VPN. While it is working for the most part I'm having a little trouble with DNS queries.

The VPN configures only the filter table:

:INPUT ACCEPT [7374:4303108]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [6573:2344795]
:xvpn - [0:0]
:xvpn_dns - [0:0]
:xvpn_dns_iface_exceptions - [0:0]
:xvpn_dns_ip_exceptions - [0:0]
:xvpn_ks - [0:0]
:xvpn_ks_iface_exceptions - [0:0]
:xvpn_ks_ip_exceptions - [0:0]
-A OUTPUT -j xvpn
-A xvpn -j xvpn_dns
-A xvpn -j xvpn_ks
-A xvpn_dns -j xvpn_dns_iface_exceptions
-A xvpn_dns -j xvpn_dns_ip_exceptions
-A xvpn_dns ! -o lo -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j DROP
-A xvpn_dns_ip_exceptions -d -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
-A xvpn_ks -j xvpn_ks_iface_exceptions
-A xvpn_ks -j xvpn_ks_ip_exceptions

With my limited understanding, I see that it should allow queries to both lo and The VPN also configures /etc/resolv.conf. I have dnsmasq running locally and would like non VPN traffic to use it.

I'm setting up my cgroup with:

iptables -t mangle -A OUTPUT -m cgroup --cgroup 0x00110011 \
    -j MARK --set-mark 11
iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -m cgroup --cgroup 0x00110011 -p udp --dport 53 \
    -j DNAT --to-destination
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -m cgroup --cgroup 0x00110011 -o enp6s0 \

ip rule add fwmark 11 table novpn
ip route add default via table novpn

DNS queries from the cgroup are not resolving. However, if I modify the filter table to accept, it will work.

iptables -t filter -I OUTPUT -m cgroup --cgroup 0x00110011 -j ACCEPT

I'm guessing, but may be wrong, that even though the packets destination IP has changed from (coming from /etc/resolv.conf) to, it is still using the target interface of enp6s0 rather than lo. I don't know how to confirm this.

I'd like to be able connect/disconnect my VPN, which overwrites the filter table each time, without affecting the cgroup traffic. How can I do this? Is there any way to set the DNS query to use lo before entering the filter table?

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