3

I know I could use %userprofile%\Documents, but this only works if the Documents folder is still in the default location. I am looking for something that works even if the user has changed the location (i.e., from the Location tab in Documents Properties.)

  • Batch does not usually Search . Why not just find the folder structure with Windows Search? – John Jul 10 at 22:08
  • @John I have a batch script I wrote that performs a series of tasks -- one of them happens to involve checking whether a file exists in the documents folder, and I'd like to update this step so it works on machines where the location of Documents has been changed. – Tim Goodman Jul 10 at 22:39
4

Why not read this information where it is registered directly in the Windows registry:

HKCU\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders

enter image description here

@echo off && setlocal enabledelayedexpansion

set "_Key_HKCU_Path=HKCU\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders"
set "_Folders_Refer={374DE290-123F-4565-9164-39C4925E467B},Documments,Desktop,Favorites,My Music,My Pictures,My Video,Personal,Programs,Start Menu,Startup"

(for %%i in ("!_Folders_Refer:,=","!")do call :^) %%~i) && endlocal && goto :EOF

:^)
for /f tokens^=3* %%i in ('%__APPDIR__%reg.exe query "!_Key_HKCU_Path!"^|find/i "%~1"
')do <con: set "_user_path=%%i%%j" && cmd /v/c "echo\!_user_path:REG_EXPAND_SZ=! && exit /b"
  • Outputs results:
C:\Users\ecker\Downloads
C:\Users\ecker\Desktop
C:\Users\ecker\Favorites
C:\Users\ecker\Music
C:\Users\ecker\Pictures
C:\Users\ecker\Videos
C:\Users\ecker\Music
C:\Users\ecker\Pictures
C:\Users\ecker\Videos
C:\Users\ecker\Music
C:\Users\ecker\Pictures
C:\Users\ecker\Videos
C:\Users\ecker\Documents
C:\Users\ecker\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\StartMenu\Programs
C:\Users\ecker\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\StartMenu\Programs\Startup
C:\Users\ecker\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\StartMenu\Programs
C:\Users\ecker\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu
C:\Users\ecker\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\StartMenu\Programs\Startup
C:\Users\ecker\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\StartMenu\Programs\Startup

enter image description here


For just Personal/Documents folder:

@echo off && setlocal enabledelayedexpansion

set "_Key=HKCU\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders"

for /f tokens^=3 %%i in ('%__APPDIR__%reg.exe query "!_Key!"^|find/i "Personal"')do <con: call set "_docs_folder=%%~i"

if exist "!_docs_folder!\My_File.docx" (
     echo\!_docs_folder!\My_File.docx 
     echo\File exist
   ) else (
     echo\!_docs_folder!\My_File.docx 
     echo\File do not exist
   )
   
endlocal && goto :EOF
  • Output results:
C:\Users\ecker\Documents

Obs.: 1 Use <con: call with set "_docs_folder=%%~i" to expand the full path in variable %%~i (%UserProfile%\Documents) to C:\Users\ecker\Documents

Obs.: 2 Your code ( with /) works very well (for username/folder without space), and it can also be written that way:

@echo off 

for /f tokens^=* %%a in ('powershell -co [Environment]::GetFolderPath('Personal'^)
')do set "docs_folder=%%a" & if exist "%docs_folder%\*.*" echo\"%docs_folder%\*.*"

enter image description here

Consider using all (*) tokens, because tokens^=* ensures that all characters in the loop variable (%%i) are taken to compose the value in the variable, including the standard delimiters, such as space (for example), and if the username contains any, without tokens^=*, only the first token will actually be used (by default), and in its output/variable will be missing additional characters.


| improve this answer | |
2

I figured out a way that works for me:

for /f usebackq %%a in (
    `powershell -command "[Environment]::GetFolderPath('Personal')"`
) do (set "docs_folder=%%a")
echo %docs_folder%
| improve this answer | |
  • If you are satisfied, why not accept it as answer. – Bhavya Gupta Jul 11 at 3:44
  • 4
    Calling powershell to do something in a batch file is kind of silly. Why not write the whole thing in powershell. – Appleoddity Jul 11 at 4:38
  • 1
    @Appleoddity Well, in my case, I actually had already written a longer batch script that did a bunch of other things, and I just wanted to fix one part that depended on the location of the Documents folder. So re-writing the whole thing in PowerShell didn't seem worth it. – Tim Goodman Jul 12 at 0:05
  • @BhavyaGupta I would have, but apparently the site makes you wait two days before accepting an answer to your own question. – Tim Goodman Jul 12 at 0:07
  • @TimGoodman Oh Ok! Didn't know that. – Bhavya Gupta Jul 12 at 4:01
1

In Windows 10, better to use PowerShell:

You can query the Registry:

(Get-ItemProperty 'HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders').Personal

     - or -

$Key = 'HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders'
(gp $Key).Personal

Or query the Shell:

(New-Object -ComObject Shell.Application).Namespace("shell:Personal").Self.Path

Output:

PS C:\> (Get-ItemProperty 'HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders').Personal
C:\Users\keith\Documents
PS C:\>
PS C:\> (New-Object -ComObject Shell.Application).Namespace("shell:Personal").Self.Path
C:\Users\keith\Documents
PS C:\>
| improve this answer | |
-1

@Tim

Your browser(s) store your default downloads location. For example, in Chrome v83, I can find my downoads folder by searching in... C:\Users\UserName\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Preferences

Look for "default_directory" (including the double quotes).

In my case, my default downloads location is E:\DNLDS and I found the following string in my Preferences file:

"default_directory":"E:\DNLDS"

Note: in the line above, forum software removed the double backslash from my answer. The actual string found in Preferences file contains two backslash symbols after the disk name (E) as in...

"default_directory":"E:\\DNLDS"

Other browsers use different locations for preferences or profiles, but they all must store the target location for files you download from the web.

Be aware that some people define multiple profiles on a given PC. Your batch file may need to download a test file (with a unique name) and search all the default locations to determine which one is the current default. Also, some people define different default downloads locations in different browsers on the same PC. IOW, some users have multiple default downloads locations.

| improve this answer | |

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