You may be looking for a feature that is included in a different version of windows. For example, Windows Server 2016 has the SMTP Server Feature. However, your version of Windows might not include it.
In your case it may be best to use a thrid-party utility, such as hMailServer, in order to run your own mail server. I have also included a guide to setting up hMailServer below, but setting up your own server is different from setting up your own mail client.
(If you are trying to access an email account you already have, you may just need a client. Please see below.)
Setup Your Own Simple SMTP Server — How To (medium.com)
Unless it is for testing or internal LAN use, an email server will usually have a fully qualified domain name, and reside on a server with a commercial/corporate internet connection. Residential ISPs typically have rules against running your own mail server. You may also need to have reverse dns records and implement DKIM signing.
If you do not have these you might not be able to send or receive emails.
If you already have an email address and are looking to access your email, you can use the built in Windows Mail App [Guide].