66

This question is related to my question about making a WSL2 address static. Since that looks like it isn't possible I am trying to come up with a workaround.

I am thinking I can run a shell script in WSL2 at boot that will write the WSL2 machine's address to a file on the host system. A powershell script will look for that file, and when it finds it it will run:

netsh interface portproxy add v4tov4 listenport=4000 listenaddress=0.0.0.0 connectport=4000 connectaddress=<WSL2 IP>

If possible I'd like to eliminate the need to run a shell script in Linux.

One possibility it via netsh interface ipv4 show neighbors. 172.27.154.150 is the current ip address of my WSL2 machine, but I am not really sure how to write a script to isolate that IP address.

PS C:\Users\Nick> netsh interface ipv4 show neighbors

Interface 1: Loopback Pseudo-Interface 1


Internet Address                              Physical Address   Type
--------------------------------------------  -----------------  -----------
224.0.0.22                                                       Permanent
239.255.255.250                                                  Permanent

Interface 7: Ethernet0


Internet Address                              Physical Address   Type
--------------------------------------------  -----------------  -----------
192.168.163.2                                 00-50-56-fa-e9-9e  Reachable
192.168.163.254                               00-50-56-fc-61-94  Reachable
192.168.163.255                               ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff  Permanent
224.0.0.22                                    01-00-5e-00-00-16  Permanent
224.0.0.251                                   01-00-5e-00-00-fb  Permanent
224.0.0.252                                   01-00-5e-00-00-fc  Permanent
239.255.255.250                               01-00-5e-7f-ff-fa  Permanent
255.255.255.255                               ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff  Permanent

Interface 19: Bluetooth Network Connection


Internet Address                              Physical Address   Type
--------------------------------------------  -----------------  -----------
224.0.0.22                                    01-00-5e-00-00-16  Permanent

Interface 14: vEthernet (Default Switch)


Internet Address                              Physical Address   Type
--------------------------------------------  -----------------  -----------
172.21.47.255                                 ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff  Permanent
224.0.0.22                                    01-00-5e-00-00-16  Permanent
224.0.0.251                                   01-00-5e-00-00-fb  Permanent
239.255.255.250                               01-00-5e-7f-ff-fa  Permanent
255.255.255.255                               ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff  Permanent

Interface 25: vEthernet (WSL)


Internet Address                              Physical Address   Type
--------------------------------------------  -----------------  -----------
172.27.154.150                                00-15-5d-f2-6b-94  Stale
172.27.159.255                                ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff  Permanent
224.0.0.22                                    01-00-5e-00-00-16  Permanent
224.0.0.251                                   01-00-5e-00-00-fb  Permanent
239.255.255.250                               01-00-5e-7f-ff-fa  Permanent

EDIT: See this answer for the script I wrote to automate starting SSHD in WSL and routing traffic to it

1
  • Note that a recent change in WSL2 made it so that it always attempts to re-use the same address. While it's still not "static", and can (in theory) change, for many use-cases it should be find to assume that the address will remain constant. Aug 15, 2023 at 19:22

5 Answers 5

86

From Windows powershell or cmd use the command:

wsl hostname -I

This should return an IP address if WSL is running. It appears to start the default distro if not running, and then return the address of that. (takes a few seconds longer to return)

Note that while this should work for the simple case, it might not work for every distro that you might run inside WSL. In that case, you should consider Hashbrown's answer (which involves a more complicated command, but may work better)

Edit: changed to capital -I option from lowercase

11
  • 7
    This doesn't seem to work for me. With WSL2 running: - I run wsl hostname -I from powershell in windows and get 172.24.128.1 - But in WSL2 I run ifconfig and get 172.24.137.181 as the IPv4 address Mar 20, 2021 at 14:07
  • 8
    @aproximation - is it possible that you have more than one wsl instance running? wsl -l -v would list them all. If you have more than one, the command to use would be wsl -d "distroname" hostname -I
    – wojtow
    Mar 22, 2021 at 1:35
  • 3
    @aproximation wsl --set-default "distroname" (where distroname is exactly the string from wsl --list that you want set as the default (primary). wsl --help will list all the other things you can do.
    – wojtow
    Mar 29, 2021 at 16:29
  • 1
    Thank you, @wojtow! That did it for me! ...sometimes I wish windows had an equivalent of 'man [command]' that I could use to find info on the command line tools... Apr 2, 2021 at 20:37
  • 1
    @Contango I edited the answer to use the capital -I option instead of the lowercase one as the lowercase one was more recently returning a 127. address. Or are you seeing a different issue? HashBrown's answer works as well, this is just shorter. In either case you're running a command in linux to get the info, but the later requires some additional post processing on the windows side in powershelgl.
    – wojtow
    Jan 17 at 21:59
36

For me my WSL has multiple interfaces so hostname isnt appropriate. In this instance you can use this:

wsl -- ip -o -4 -json addr list eth0 `
| ConvertFrom-Json `
| %{ $_.addr_info.local } `
| ?{ $_ }

Change -4 to -6 for ipv6, and eth0 to your interface of choice.


Also, if you need the IP address of the host from the vm you can run this (on the host)

$wsl    = wsl -- ip -o -4 -j addr s eth0 | ConvertFrom-Json | %{ $_.addr_info.local } | ?{ $_ }
$master = (Get-NetIPAddress).IPAddress | ?{ $_ -match ($wsl -replace '^((\d+\.){2}).*$','^$1') }
$wsl,$master #access wsl from master using the first ip, the converse from the latter
2
  • This version is ready to use with Powershell scripts. wsl hostname -I doesn't work in Powershell for some reason.. Thanks! Sep 24, 2021 at 19:23
  • This works with Powershell but not in Dos. To use in Dos, delete the final backtick and use this: wsl -- ip -o -4 -json addr list eth0
    – Contango
    Jan 16 at 11:23
15

For checking your WSL IP address from the WSL machine:

ip addr show eth0 | grep -oP '(?<=inet\s)\d+(\.\d+){3}'
1
  • This appears to work correctly from within WSL, which is where I need it! Thanks! Nov 10, 2022 at 4:41
0

run this on your wsl terminal:

ip add | grep "eth0"
1
  • As it’s currently written, your answer is unclear. Please edit to add additional details that will help others understand how this addresses the question asked. You can find more information on how to write good answers in the help center.
    – Community Bot
    Jan 2, 2023 at 10:57
0

I am using this powershell script "SetDockerHost.ps1" to set my local DOCKER_HOST env variable:

$wslip = ((wsl hostname -I) -split " ")[0]
$dockerhost = "tcp://" + $wslip + ":2375"
setx DOCKER_HOST $dockerhost
Write-Host "Set: setx DOCKER_HOST $dockerhost"
Read-Host -Prompt "Press Enter to exit"

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