I start a console, by typing
start cmd, or a PowerShell 7 console by typing
Then I use left upper menu -> Properties to set font size, layout, etc.
Next time the particular console application starts with the remembered settings.
I understand, that in case in regular shortcuts, or pinned items those settings are stored in the .lnk file. However in the case I describing there is not shortcut, to be more precise I suppose there is somewhere but where?