I have a large collection of music files (let's say MP3), with metadata (ID3 tags), but all are located in the same folder. I wish to automatically organize all of them according to this metadata.

4 Answers 4


I suggest using Mp3tag; it has a rich feature set and allows this quite simply. To do this with Mp3tag, simply:

  1. Open it.
  2. Select all the files you want to rename (Ctrl+D to change to a certain directory).
  3. Select them all in the list (Ctrl+A).
  4. Go to the Convert menu at the top and select the first option, Tag - Filename.
  5. For the format string, use my (in)famous one: %artist%\%album%\%title%
  6. Click OK and watch the magic happen! It's truly a great program.

I hope this guide helped you and anyone else who is puzzled when it comes to organizing their music themselves without the aid of mainstream software like iTunes. Sometimes, I've found, you have to take things into your own hands!

Additional Info

Sometimes Mp3tag can become confused when working across multiple drives. To avoid this, include a path before the aforementioned format string (e.g., D:\Users\Me\Desktop\%artist%\%album%\%title%).

  • Much more intuitive than Picard. Insanely nice; thanks.
    – ruffin
    Commented Sep 30, 2014 at 2:11
  • +1. i LOVE mp3tag, and have been using it for years, and googled this question and..surprise surprise! it does this too. It is truly an amazing program.
    – Chud37
    Commented Dec 5, 2014 at 17:46
  • I suggest the simple format string %artist% - %album%\%title%. Other scripting functions like brackets, which display contents only if available, can be used.
    – qwr
    Commented Jul 6, 2016 at 22:36
  • How can I make Mp3tag monitor/scan and apply the properties to the files in the folder? I don't manually clicking "Save" every time I add a new song to the folder Commented Oct 24, 2018 at 3:14
  • This worked great!! Thanks.
    – Hellreaver
    Commented Apr 12, 2021 at 3:53

You can use Picard. It can be configured to move files into a hierarchy based on their metadata. It can also use the MusicBrainz database to correct your metadata...if you want it to.

Of course, you could also do this with a single command on a unix system. I doubt that's what you want though.

  • Worked for me with the OS X version. Commented Jun 14, 2012 at 4:21
  • 2
    I have a synology diskstation, and a unix-y command that I could cron to do this would be enormously helpful.. Any chance you'd like to share? Commented Jul 7, 2012 at 13:52
  • 1
    It isn't obvious from reading the documentation how to accomplish this. Can you be a bit more specific about how to use Picard to move files into a hierarchy based on metadata?
    – Michael
    Commented Dec 11, 2015 at 5:45
  • 1
    @Michael : It is: Options -> Options ->File Naming-> Rename files when saving... If you want to completely break previous folder structure you need to select Move files to this directory... Commented Oct 20, 2016 at 23:30

I personally use MediaMonkey It allows you to specify a pattern based on the metadata you have, and use it for moving the files to the corresponding directories (creating each directory if needed). It can also use Amazon to find any missing metadata


Give iTunes a try.

iTunes sorts its media library in

   track 1
   track n

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