I want to find out the exact model of my computer's motherboard so that I can see what sort of memory chip, graphics cards and other components it supports.
I'm using Windows 7 Ultimate 64-bit.
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CPU-Z can identifiy mainboards, among other components. I think that should do it.
Belarc Advisor will tell you what type of motherboard you have.
Open the Command Prompt (cmd) and type:
wmic cpu get name,CurrentClockSpeed,MaxClockSpeed
This command will tell you the system motherboard (that happen to be the name) and its UUID.
wmic bios get name,serialnumber,version
This will tells you the name if your BIOS, current version and its serial number if there is any.
Technet has a useful reference for WMIC commands.
Speccy is an Advanced System Information tool for your PC.
(It is made by the same company that designed CCleaner)
Another option: I happen to like SIW - System Information for Windows
If you have a desktop system that was built from parts: Open the case. The motherboard brand and model number is printed on it.
If you have a laptop, or purchased a desktop from a OEM such as Dell: there's not really a motherboard model on the thing, you're going to have to go with the computer's model number.
Use Intel's online System Identification Utility:
CPU-Z works too, has a 64 bit version.
There are several products you can install to get this information, but the one I've used in the past is Belarc Advisor (useful for auditing):
The motherboard itself must comply with a standard called DMI. This provides information such as the motherboard model, BIOS version, the number of RAM sticks, their capacity and speed, and basically anything else that is related to your motherboard.
There are two popular programs that can retrieve this information. CPU-Z and dmidecode. While CPU-Z is a user-friendly alternative, dmidecode has the advantage of being a nice, clean tool that works on practically all operating systems.