A friend asked me to look at an old Windows 98 machine (I don't have any specs I'm afraid) that was having problems but I'm stumped, does anyone know what might cause the following symptoms:

  1. There is an orange LED lit on the motherboard while the power is on.
  2. Power switch on front turns "on" the PC, PSU and CPU fans spin.
  3. However, there is no startup beep (he says there usually is), the green power light on the front of the case does not come on, and the monitor receives no signal whatsoever (LED on monitor flashes).
  4. Once the PC is "on" holding the power switch in for five seconds or pressing the reset button has no effect whatsoever, you have to switch off at the PSU or unplug from mains to turn off.
  5. Occasionally though, after repeated attempts at cutting power then pressing the power button the PC will boot and work fine until the next time it's switched off.

Sorry for the lack of specs I didn't have a lot of time to examine it, it's a generic Win98 desktop machine with a dedicated graphics card (ATI IIRC). The fact that the problem is intermittent leaves me stumped.


The fault is likely either a bad motherboard or bad power supply. Regardless of the problem source, the result is that the motherboard doesn't get properly powered up. There's enough power to spin the fans, but not enough to actually drive the chips.

Do I even need to suggest replacing the machine? :-)


Solved same problem: no beep, no video. I removed the video card and conected the monitor to the motherboard. I also cleaned all fans and radiators. The operating system is Windows 98 SE, upgraded to unoficial SP3 and it is still working fine.


Here's what I think happened: Capacitors lost their capacitance somewhere in computer. I believe that it's most likely in the power supply. Here's why I think so: (I assume that computer has ATX power supply because you mentioned orange LED and the switch on the power supply, I don't know if the booting process is same for AT power supplies) Once you press the power button, signal goes from motherboard to power supply to start it. Once power supply starts providing power, motherboard waits for for power supply to stabilize. It should normally take less than a second for it to stabilize, but if the capacitors are bad, it may take several on/off cycles for them to fully charge and start providing stable enough power for motherboard to start booting the computer.

It could be that the bad capacitors are on the motherboard itself, but I think that it's a fault related to PSU.

Unfortunately, it's not going to be easy to repair the issue in an economically justifiable manner. Some options are to replace motherboard or PSU depending on which is broken (you'd need a working PSU to determine that). The problem with that solution is that motherboards of that time are very rave now, so it may be difficult to find compatible motherboard. Other option is related to power supply. If it is ATX power supply, as I suspect it to be, you are either going to need to find old ATX power supply using ATX 1.x standard or buy a high end new power supply and hope that it can provide power to old computer. The problem is that in old ATX power supplies, 3.3V and 5V lines were used to supply most of the power to the system. In new ATX 2.x power supplies, 12V lines are used to provide most of the power to the system.

Another option which may be better that first to is to replace the capacitors, if they are the problem. The problem with this option is that you need to find experienced technician who will replace the capacitors. New capacitors themselves probably won't be very expensive, but technician may charge a lot for his services.

To check if I'm right about capacitors, open the computer case and take a look at them. If they look like something from this article, it's probably them.

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