I need a program that can do one-way synchronization of directories in Windows. The only feature I absolutely need is the ability to exclude certain files and/or folders from the sync (wildcard support here is a must). Any suggestions?
I would highly advise you use Microsoft SyncToy, you can setup one way partnerships and it can do exactly what you want!
As Wil mentioned, SyncToy is a great GUI tool for this. If you'd rather a command line program which you could use in batch files and schedules tasks, take a look at robocopy. It is a command line robust copying tool and is built into Windows 7. It will only copy files which have changed, works over the network or locally, has wildcard support, can exclude specific filetypes, individual files, or directories, and can run in restartable mode for if it gets interrupted. A very powerful tool, and not too difficult to use. Run
robocopy /? in the command line for documentation.
I have been using GoodSync to do bi-directional synchronization between two computers, so I am sure it could be used for one-way sync as well. Perhaps overkill for what you are trying to do, but a nice program to have around. Supports wildcards, and has many automation features. I have no connection with the company (they're the same one that markets RoboForm); I'm just a happy user.
Depending on how much your wanting to sync... syncplicity is really good at syncing files. You can exclude subdirectories, and even files. it also does two way syncing or just one way (backup). It saves all the files online, and to any other pc you install it on. However in order to use the free option, you have to keep it under 2 gigs.