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In Unix (Tru64), how do I make the ls command show the file size in megabytes? Currently I am able to show it in bytes using the following:

ls -la

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10 Answers 10

234

Maybe -h is sufficient for you:

-h
When used with the -l option, use unit suffixes: Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte and Petabyte in order to reduce the number of digits to three or less using base 2 for sizes.

ls -lah

General advice: Use man commandname to read the manual/help of a certain command, e.g. here man ls.

  • 1
    Thanks, but -h option does not seem to exist on Tru64 Unix. – atricapilla Sep 20 '10 at 11:26
  • 8
    General advice: install GNU utilities ... – reinierpost Sep 20 '10 at 12:35
  • 21
    I like your tip about using man, but really, searching on Google is so much faster than using man a lot of the time (as now, when I found this result on Google). – trusktr Mar 20 '13 at 5:00
  • 4
    Google's fine and all for general hints, but ultimately man pages are system/OS, even host specific, usually created when the software is compiled or installed, and thus, authoritative for the software on your particular system. – Nevin Williams May 5 '13 at 4:33
  • 1
    Just to come full circle, there's man online for gnu/linux: linux.die.net/man – MariusMatutiae Oct 11 '13 at 8:20
32

ls --block-size=M prints the sizes in Megabytes but shows 1MB also for anything below 1 MB. I'm unsure if this option is acceptable in your UNIX version of ls, though.

Actually ls -lh also prints sizes in Gigabytes if the file is big enough (Well anyways: on Linux 64bit this does work :>)

On a side node: du -sh * prints also directory sizes in current directory.

  • Thanks! I needed to monitor live file changes in a folder and using ls -h is meaningless after a file grows over 1GB, so I use this command in a 1 second loop: while true ; do ls -al --block-size=M ; sleep 1 ; done – ccpizza Mar 19 '16 at 13:13
15

You will have to use awk to do the math for you:

ls -l | awk 'BEGIN{mega=1048576} $5 >= mega {$5 = $5/mega "MB"} {print}'

This won't affect the output for files that are smaller than mega.

You may need to adjust the field number to match the way your ls is laid out. You can change mega to "1000000" if that is your preference.

This will print more decimal places than you probably want. You could implement a rounding function.

  • 3
    Much less elegant than ls -lh or ls --block-size=M, but AWK is very useful! – Statwonk Sep 28 '14 at 14:50
  • Just what I needed. All the other solutions round to the nearest MB but this shows a few decimal places and is easily customizable. – zeroimpl Oct 17 '14 at 0:02
  • 2
    This is a nice solution for those systems (AIX - I am looking at you) that do not have the -h option. – Buggabill Nov 18 '15 at 13:22
14

try ls -shR for recursive human readable format.

7

try ls -lash, it prints sizes in human readable format

5

du -sm filename.txt

  • 1
    it always round up the size...if size is less than 1 MB say 500K, then also it will print 1M – AnonGeek Jun 29 '12 at 13:08
5

You can also type

du -sh ./*

This will list all the folders under current directory, with human-readable format, including the more familiar file sizes in Kb, Mb, Gb.

2

If you just want the size of only a specific file, then the command, a trivial extrapolation of the previous answers, is:

ls -sh filename(s)

-s is for size and the h is for Human Readable (as mentioned above a few times).

The output will look like this:

753M myfilename

If you leave out the filename(s), it'll list the directory, placing the size of each file next to its name — not unlike what ls -la does when invoked with no filename arguments.

Hope this helps.

  • 2
    This question is about Tru64 Unix, and the OP stated almost five years ago that the -h option does not exist in ls on that system. – G-Man Jun 13 '15 at 8:14
0
ls -l --block-size=MB 

For the --block-size parameter:

  • use MB for 10^6
  • use just M for 2^20
  • Note that this won't show any decimal places. Also, anything above 0 kB but nor greater than 1 MB will be shown as 1MB. For this reason I found ls -l --block-size=kB to be more useful. – DaAwesomeP Oct 26 '15 at 2:31
0

If you're just interested in the file size, and you don't have to use the ls command, try the following:

# echo "Hello World" > file.txt
# ls -l file.txt 
-rw-r--r-- 1 user user 12 Mar 10 11:32 file.txt
# stat --printf='%s\n' file.txt
12

This will print the file size without the need to parse anything.

  • OP want size in MB, maybe a stat option will produce size in human readable form ? – Archemar Mar 12 '16 at 10:47
  • Ah, that was dumb of me. Thanks for catching that. stat does not have an option to manipulate the size using --printf or any other option as far as I know. It would likely require using a combination of printf and bc command-line utilities. In which case, why bother. ls and cut/awk would be quicker. – SKN Apr 23 '16 at 21:42

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