75

Inside a batch file on Windows, I use 7-zip like this:

...\right_path\7z a output_file_name.zip file_to_be_compressed

How could I check the exit code of 7z and take the appropriate action ?

88

Test for a return code greater than or equal to 1:

if ERRORLEVEL 1 echo Error

or

if %ERRORLEVEL% GEQ 1 echo Error

or test for a return code equal to 0:

if %ERRORLEVEL% EQU 0 echo OK

You can use other commands such as GOTO where I show echo.

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  • I tried your code. I got the following error: 0 was unexpected this time. – Misha Moroshko Oct 1 '10 at 5:13
  • 2
    @Misha: You may have tried it with the percent signs the way I originally posted it. Try it without them or try the other versions I added. – Paused until further notice. Oct 1 '10 at 5:24
  • 2
    Found cases where %ERRORLEVEL% is 0 even though an error occurred. Happened when checking %ERRORLEVEL% in a cmd file. Trying start /wait didn't work. The only thing that worked is if errorlevel 1 (...) – AlikElzin-kilaka Apr 13 '15 at 12:59
  • 4
    Be aware, errorlevel is not an environment variable. Here's a good summary of the pitfalls and subtleties. – Nick Westgate Jun 17 '15 at 6:18
  • Might I suggest using NEQ instead of EQU to support detecting negative return codes? No idea if Windows XP does that, but it’s a thing on modern Windows… – binki Jul 25 '16 at 17:16
11

This really works when you have: App1.exe calls -> .bat which runs --> app2.exe

App2 returns errorlevel 1... but you need to catch that in the .bat and re-raise it to app1... otherwise .bat eats the errorlevel and app1 never knows.

Method:

In .bat:

app2.exe
if %ERRORLEVEL% GEQ 1 EXIT /B 1

This is a check after app2 for errorlevel. If > 0, then the .bat exits and sets errorlevel to 1 for the calling app1.

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  • 4
    it could be even better if you returned the same error back to app1. i didn't try this out, but it should work : if %ERRORLEVEL% GEQ 1 EXIT /B %ERRORLEVEL%. – Viktor Fonic Jul 18 '14 at 11:24
  • 3
    At least in Windows, %ERRORLEVEL% can be a negative number (e.g. I have a program that returns -1 on errors). IF %ERRORLEVEL% NEQ 0 EXIT /B %ERRORLEVEL% might be a better option. But you really need to know what the program returns on errors. Some programs return certain non-zero codes for special types of success. – Euro Micelli Nov 13 '14 at 19:23
  • If app2 is the last thing you run in the bat file, the error code will propagate. – AnrDaemon Jul 5 '18 at 11:31
0

I had a batch script in Teamcity pipeline and it did not exit after it's child script did exit with code 1.

To fix the problem I added this string IF %ERRORLEVEL% NEQ 0 EXIT 1 after the child script call.

main-script.bat

...some code
call child-script.bat
IF %ERRORLEVEL% NEQ 0 EXIT 1
...some code

After the child script call, exit result is save to %ERRORLEVEL%. If it did exit with error the value would be not equal to 0. So we check this and if it is the case we exit with code 1 (error).

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0

Try this:

cd.>nul | call Your_7z_File.Bat && Goto :Next || Goto :Error

:: Or...

cd.>nul | ...\right_path\7z.exe a output_file_name.zip file_to_be_compressed && Goto :Next || Goto :Error

1) Set errorlevel == 0

cd.>nul

2) Redirect by | to simultaneously call Your_7z_File.Bat

cd.>nul | call Your_7z_File.Bat

3) Lets the output/errorlevel to a conditional execution && and || filter the next action

cd.>nul | call Your_7z_File.Bat && Goto :Next || Goto :Error

You can also test it in command line adding echo/:

cd.>nul | call Your_7z_File.Bat && echo\Goto :Next || echo\Goto :Error
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