What is the difference between apt-get vs aptitude. Which one is better? pros/cons?
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aptitude is a front-end to APT (Advanced Packaging Tool). It is smarter at resolving dependencies, will install packages markt as recommended by default and is currently recommended to upgrade distributions.
aptitude can be used with a menu driven interface, while it also provides a commandline interface similiar (but more powerful) then
Basically, aptitude is menu-driven, while apt-get is purely CLI. In other words, with aptitude, you can browse through categories and see what packages are available to install or uninstall, while with apt-get, you need to know the exact name of the packages you're installing or uninstalling.
As for pros and cons, it's all about preference. apt-get is certainly a lot faster if you know what you want, but if you're more familiar with menus, aptitude is for you.