trying to add a user to a group from the command line but can't figure out how?

Specifically this is on Mac OS X Server 10.5.8

like to add user to 'admin' and 'wheel' groups

up vote 252 down vote accepted
sudo dseditgroup -o edit -a $username_to_add -t user admin
sudo dseditgroup -o edit -a $username_to_add -t user wheel

It's also possible to do this with dscl, but to do it properly you need to both add the user's short name to the group's GroupMembership list, and add the user's GeneratedUID to the group's GroupMembers list. dseditgroup takes care of both in a single operation.

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    Sorry i'm not too cleared with the usage. Lets say i want to add the username bob into wheel, will it be sudo dseditgroup -o edit -a bob -t user wheel ? – 夏期劇場 Mar 2 '14 at 3:46
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    @夏期劇場: Correct. – Gordon Davisson Mar 2 '14 at 4:41
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    I had to add -p as well so I could enter my password. – Vinicius Pinto Apr 27 '14 at 18:23
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    Still valid on osx 10.9.2; copy and paste if you are searching for apache: sudo dseditgroup -o edit -a `whoami` -t user _www – vault Jul 16 '14 at 13:30
  • Still works in 10.10.3 (Yosemite). – Matthew Elvey Apr 28 '15 at 4:45

Check out this link:

http://osxdaily.com/2007/10/29/how-to-add-a-user-from-the-os-x-command-line-works-with-leopard/

Adding a user is something easily accomplished using the built in GUI tools that ship with OS X, however any power user can appreciate the possible efficiency gained from using the command line. So in the spirit of efficiency here are the steps necessary to add a user to your Mac OS X system all with our good friend, Terminal.app.

The important bit is here:

Create and set the user’s group ID property.

dscl / -create /Users/toddharris PrimaryGroupID 1000
  • tried it with sudo dscl . -append /Groups/admin GroupMembership username and though it added the user to "admin" but it also added a bunch of other groups like com.apple.sharepoint.group.1 and com.apple.access_screensharing ect... ?!? – Meltemi Nov 23 '10 at 3:01
  • That is strange. On the other hand, perhaps these are groups that have been associated with that user, or it somehow inherited them from elsewhere. – user3463 Nov 23 '10 at 3:13
  • Did you read through the man pages for dscl at all? – user3463 Nov 23 '10 at 3:17

For those who are looking for the same answer to newer versions of Mac OS, i've found out this:

To add a user to a group, you need this command:

$ sudo dscl . append /Groups/wheel GroupMembership username

I was trying to add my user to the wheel group, to be able to manipulate the /Library/WebServer/Documents folder. Besides that, i had to change the permissions to that folder, as by default it is 755. I've changed it to 775 with:

$ sudo chmod -R 775 /Library/WebServer/Documents

This way i can manipulate the folder content without changing the owner of the folder.

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