I use a specific "PS1" prompt that I like. I share a few logins with other other people on a few different servers. I was wondering if there was a way to specify in my local bash profile a remote prompt, or any other way other then copy and pasting each time I remote in.
If you just want to send the
PS1 variable, and it doesn't contain a
' (single quote), try:
ssh targethost -t "PS1='$PS1'; exec bash"
.bashrc may well overwrite
PS1 though (thanks to Dennis Williamson for pointing this out).
There are ways to transmit environment variables over ssh, but they're typically disabled in the server configuration. If the
PermitUserEnvironment directive is enabled in the server configuration and each user has their own key pair (yeah, you might not be so lucky), you can add
environment="PS1=…" to the line in
~/.ssh/authorized_keys corresponding to your key.
If you'd like to keep your own configuration on a shared user account, you can create your own configuration file directory and set the
HOME environment variable to point to that directory.
ssh targethost mkdir mrstatic.home scp .bashrc targethost:mrstatic.home/
Create symbolic links in the
mrstatic.home directory pointing back to the corresponding entry in the parent directory when you want to share a file with the other users.
Then, log in with
ssh targethost -t 'HOME=~/mrstatic.home; exec bash'`
If you're willing to modify the remote
.profile (or other initialisation file), you can probably automate your settings. Many sites allow
LC_* environment variables through (normally they are used for locale settings). If both these conditions are met, you can set a variable that isn't actually used for locales, say
LC_USER, on the client side, and test it in the server
(Of course shared accounts are a bad idea, but I realize you may not be in a position to change that situation.)
you can specify environment variables on the client side and if the ssh-server allows it (check man sshd-config), these variables are copied to the session when you log into the machine.
so, you would have to configure the .bashrc on the server to check an existing PS1 (or whatever variable) and only set PS1 if it is not set already.
or, which make things simpler, you bundle your settings into a function .. and deploy that function either as a special file your source on demand (
source joes_bashrc) or directly to the .bashrc. having your own file seems a bit more robust. the other folks might use your settings but are not forced to do so.
If you wanna do it without needing an extra scp you can do something like this:
ssh -t srvname ' cp ~/.bashrc ~/.bashrc.n &>/dev/null ; echo "LS_COLORS=\"no=00:fi=00:ETC:ETC:ETC\";" >> ~/.bashrc.n ; echo "export LS_COLORS" >> ~/.bashrc.n ; echo "alias ls=\"ls --color=auto\";" >> ~/.bashrc.n ; exec bash --rcfile ~/.bashrc.n'
That'll generate a .bashrc.n that's based on the servers bashrc but with your overrides.
To restore arbitrary environment variables from your client on the server use the following bash command to connect to your ssh-server. In The following example we restore
If you want to send more variables to the server simply add their names without a
ssh -t user@server "exec bash --rcfile <(cat /etc/bash.bashrc ~/.bashrc 2> /dev/null; printf '%s\n' $(printf %q "$(declare -p PS1 PS2)"))"
This command sets the given variables (here
PS2) after the original rc-files from the server were sourced (you may have to adapt this list, for instance by adding
~/.profile). Therefore you end up with your usual environment from the server (if the default shell on the server is bash) and the given variables from the client (these may overwrite variables set by
scpor temporary files needed.
- No restrictions on the content of the variables to be pushed.
- No special requirements on the ssh server settings.
If you’re willing to intrude imperceptibly on your colleagues, and you can trust them not to interfere with your preference, then I suggest a combination of cYrus’s answer, akira’s answer and Dennis Williamson’s answer.
- On each server, edit
if [ "$Unf" = 1 ] # Special code for Unfundednut then PS1="(your desired prompt)" (any other customizations you want) fiat the end. While your colleagues “would not appreciate [you] writing over the base profile”, they won’t be aware of this unless they go looking for it.
- When you login to a remote server,
ssh -t user@host "Unf=1 bash -i"While you will probably want to put that into an alias or shell function in your local account, it is short enough — shorter than any of the other answers — that you could easily just type it manually.
I believe that this is fairly clear, but:
ssh command causes the
to be set on the remote server when you log into it.
That will invoke your code in the remote
which will put your customization(s) into effect.
Since you put your code at the end of
it will override the general settings earlier in the file.
Disclosure: I have not tested this.