Guys, anyone know how to change linux console editor from vi into vim everytime we execute vi? I'm using Ubuntu and Fedora Core
First, make sure you have the proper Vim packages installed. The default on many systems is to install a minimal Vim package that is closer to Vi in functionality.
On Red Hat based systems (RHEL, CentOS, Fedora), you need the vim-enhanced package, for example from a CentOS system I have installed:
vim-common-7.0.109-4.el5_2.4z vim-enhanced-7.0.109-4.el5_2.4z vim-minimal-7.0.109-4.el5_2.4z
'common' contains common libraries used by all the Vim packages. 'minimal' is the plain vi editor executables as installed by default.
On Debian based systems (like Ubuntu), you need 'vim'. For example:
ii vim 2:7.2.079-1ubuntu5 Vi IMproved - enhanced vi editor ii vim-common 2:7.2.079-1ubuntu5 Vi IMproved - Common files ii vim-runtime 2:7.2.079-1ubuntu5 Vi IMproved - Runtime files ii vim-tiny 2:7.2.079-1ubuntu5 Vi IMproved - enhanced vi editor - compact version
These should be installed by default. On Debian/Ubuntu, you can update the default system editor for all users:
sudo update-alternatives --config vi
Select the version you want from the selection menu. Post installation scripts for the vim package should have already updated this, though. Use
--config editor to change the default editor for all users on the system (Ubuntu 9.04 original default is nano, for example).
Finally, on a per user basis for any distribution, set up an alias in the user profile. For example if the shell is bash, edit ~username/.bashrc:
Also, you may check the system vimrc (/etc/vimrc, usually) to see if compatibility mode is turned on.
set cp set compatibility
Will tell Vim to behave more like old-school Vi, no matter how you've handled using Vim per above. Change to 'nocp' or 'nocompatibility' to make Vim more useful.
In your .bashrc:
If it is a Debian or Ubuntu system, and you want to make this change system wide, you should use
update-alternatives (specify with the
--config editor options, and you should be golden)
If you need the changes only for your id, and within a terminal session: alias vi to vim as suggested by AI.
If you want a system-wide change on your machine, soft-link to vim in /usr/local/bin:
sudo ln -s `which vim` /usr/local/bin/vi
Note: Programs can ignore any aliases on vi by running
command vi or
\vi instead of just vi.
Some dists use vim:s old school mode where it behaves like vi.
check if your .vimrc contains
I have been fooled by this a couple of times....
On Debian systems, when you execute the default vim-tiny as 'vi', a different RC file is used - /etc/vim/vimrc.tiny.
To make 'vi' act more like 'vim', edit /etc/vim/vimrc.tiny and change the line:
If you use fish, put the below line in