I have two columns in Excel that I want to compare and find the differences between them.


  • Col A has 50 numbers, i.e. 0511234567
  • Col B has 100 numbers in the same format
  • I think this can be done with Excel's built in functions and formulas. Seems to me off topic.
    – Matt Handy
    Commented May 27, 2011 at 7:19
  • can you please specify how to do that?
    – Anonymous
    Commented May 27, 2011 at 7:20
  • So do you want to know which numbers are in Col A only and which numbers are in Col B only?
    – Tom Shaw
    Commented May 27, 2011 at 7:22
  • See this SO question for your answer.
    – iDevlop
    Commented May 27, 2011 at 7:32
  • No, first i want to know all those numbers which are not in Col A but in Col B and then i want to know all those numbers which are in Col A but not in Col B.
    – Anonymous
    Commented May 27, 2011 at 7:54

11 Answers 11


Using Conditional Formatting

Highlight column A. Click Conditional Formatting > Create New Rule > Use this formula to determine which cells to format > Enter the ff. formula:

=countif($B:$B, $A1)

Click the Format button and change the Font color to something you like.

Repeat the same for column B, except use this formula and try another font color.

=countif($A:$A, $B1)

Using a Separate Column

In column C, enter the ff. formula into the first cell and then copy it down.

=if(countif($B:$B, $A1)<>0, "-", "Not in B")

In column D, enter the ff. formula into the first cell and then copy it down.

=if(countif($A:$A, $B1)<>0, "-", "Not in A")

Both of these should help you visualize which items are missing from the other column.

  • What version(s) of Excel was this tested on? Commented Sep 21, 2016 at 14:19
  • 1
    Where is "Conditional Formatting"? In a menu? In a context menu? Commented Sep 21, 2016 at 14:19
  • In an older version of OpenOffice, corresponding to pre-ribbon Excel (it is a clone of Excel after all), there is menu command Format -> Conditional Formatting. Commented Sep 21, 2016 at 17:09
  • 1
    This is about Excel, but in OpenOffice / LibreOffice using $B:$B to refer to the entire column B does not work. Instead use $B$1:$B$1048576 (where 1048576 is the highest-numbered row). Note $ in front of the numbers (so-called absolute references) - this makes it work as expected for operations like Fill Down (referred here to as "copy it down") or Fill Up. Commented Sep 21, 2016 at 19:26

Microsoft has an article detailing how to find duplicates in two columns. It can be changed easily enough to find unique items in each column.

For example if you want Col C to show entries unique to Col A, and Col D to show entries unique to Col B:

A   B   C                                          D
1   3   =IF(ISERROR(MATCH(A1,$B$1:$B$5,0)),A1,"")  =IF(ISERROR(MATCH(B1,$A$1:$A$5,0)),B1,"")
2   5   (fill down)                                (fill down)
3   8   ..                                         ..
4   2   ..                                         ..
5   0   ..                                         ..

Here's the formula that you are looking for:


Enter image description here

Source: Excel: Find differences between two columns

  • 1
    This is essentially the same as Tom Shaw's answer above.
    – Excellll
    Commented Apr 9, 2015 at 21:19

Say you want to find those in col. B with no match in col. A. Put in C2:


This will give you 1 (or more) if there's a match, 0 otherwise.

You can also sort both columns individually, then select both, Goto Special, select Row Differences. But that will stop working after the first new item, and you will have to insert a cell then start again.


If I understand your question well:

=if(Ax = Bx; True_directive ; False_directive)

Replace True/false directives by a function or by a string like "Equal" or "different".

  • @pasta this will not work if the two columns are not sorted alike-I think the question is not about it.
    – Learner
    Commented Dec 22, 2016 at 9:16

It depends on the format of your cells and your functional requirements. With a leading "0" they could be formatted as text.

Then you could use IF function to compare cells in Excel:

=IF ( logical_test, value_if_true, value_if_false )


=IF ( A1<>A2, "not equal", "equal" )

If they are formatted as numbers, you could subtract the first column from the other in order to get the difference:


This formula will directly compare two cells. If they are the same, it will print True, if one difference exists, it will print False. This formula will not print what the differences are.


I'm using Excel 2010 and just highlight the two columns that have the two sets of values I'm comparing, and then click the Conditional formatting dropdown on the home page of Excel, choose the Highlight Cells rules, and then differences. It then prompts to highlight either differences or similarities and asks what colour highlight you want to use...


The comparing can be done with Excel VBA code. The compare process can be made with the Excel VBA Worksheet.Countif function.

Two columns on different worksheets were compared in this template. It found different results as an entire row was copied to the second worksheet.


Dim stk, msb As Worksheet
Set stk = Sheets("Page1")
Set msb = Sheets("Page2")

Application.ScreenUpdating = False
sat = (msb.Range("A" & Rows.Count).End(xlUp).Row) + 1
For i = 2 To stk.Range("A" & Rows.Count).End(xlUp).Row
    If WorksheetFunction.CountIf(msb.Range("A2:A" & msb.Range("A" & Rows.Count).End(xlUp).Row), stk.Cells(i, "A")) = 0 Then
        msb.Range("a" & sat).EntireRow.Value = stk.Range("a" & i).EntireRow.Value
        msb.Range("a" & sat).Interior.ColorIndex = 22
        sat = sat + 1
    End If

The tutorial's video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vt4_hEPsKt8

Example file can be downloaded here

  • 1
    If you are going to link to your blog and your YouTube channel you must disclose your affiliation. If you don't you may be accused of spamming.
    – DavidPostill
    Commented Sep 5, 2016 at 17:34

This is using another tool but I've just found this very easy to do. Using Notepad++:

In Excel make sure your 2 columns are sorted in the same order, then copy and paste your columns into 2 new text files and then run a compare (from plugins menu).


The NOT MATCH function combination works well. The following works too:

=IF(ISERROR(VLOOKUP(<<item in larger list>>,<<smaler list>>,1,FALSE)),<<item in larger list>>,"")

REMEMBER: the smaller list MUST be SORTED ASCENDING - a requirement of vlookup

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