I would like to combine multiple images into one image using ImageMagick. To explain a little better, I want the result to look similar to this:

That is, I have a number of screenshots, and I want to turn them into one image with the original images on top of each other.

By Googling, I have come across the 'composite' command, but I don't know if, and in that case how to use it to get the result I want.


For any number of input files named in-<something>.jpg:

convert -append in-*.jpg out.jpg

In order to have specific files appended, or skip numbers instead of getting the full "glob", you can mention the input files explicitly and put the append command afterwards

convert in-1.jpg in-5.jpg in-N.jpg +append out-in1-plus-in5-and-inN.jpg

You can use -append (instead of +append) for vertical paste-up.


montage -mode concatenate -tile 1x in-*.jpg out.jpg

will also create a file out.jpg that contains a vertical concatenation of the source images.


For simple concatenation in a single row or column, the append option of the convert tool is sufficient. Note that -append concatenates all images vertically, creating one column with n rows, and +append concatenates horizontally, creating one row with n columns.

(See ImageMagick: Command-line Options.)


To get finer control over the layout, we would need the montage tool. montage -mode concatenate will glue the input images together like the append option and -tile 1x controls the layout to be applied.

tile follows the format columns×rows, but either side may be missing and montage will figure out how to meet the constraints.

We're using 1x (exactly one column with any number of rows) here to get the same effect as -append. Without -tile 1x, it would join the images like +append, defaulting to -tile x1 (any number of columns on one row).

(See ImageMagick Examples: Montage, Arrays of Images.)

  • 2
    Thanks. append works fine, but I consider montage broken: if ghostscript fonts are not installed, it will bail out, EVEN if you are not annotating the images. Fonts should be loaded on demand, not in advance. – Bram Jan 5 '14 at 19:26
  • How would I skip every other image? I'd like to parse a subset - in-1, in-3, in-5, etc.. – Mike Robinson Jul 24 '14 at 17:57
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    @MikeRobinson convert -append `counter=0; for x in in-*; do if [[ $(($counter % 2)) == 0 ]]; then echo $x; fi; counter=$((counter + 1)); done` out.jpg should do the job. – gozzilli Nov 12 '14 at 15:59
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    Note that the convert -tile 2x2 etc. command will read the files alphabetically. This means that chunks named 0-10 will be read like 0,10,1,2,..,9. Took me almost 2 hours to realize something this basic. – phil294 Jul 23 '17 at 19:27
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    @Blauhirn: Is that convert sorting the filenames, or is that just your glob returning files in that order? e.g. ls * will return those values in that order. – naught101 May 8 '18 at 6:00

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