35

This is the internal zip packer from Total Commander:

A picture of the Total Commander zip packer dialogue box.

However I want to use my 7zip packer. When I select 5 files, I get 5 separate .zip archives for each selected file. How do I do that in 7zip?

60

I am not sure you can do what you are suggesting using the graphical user interface, but you can certainly from the command line:

FOR %i IN (*.*) DO 7z.exe a "%~ni.7z" "%i"

You would need to change directory (the cd command) to the F:\Downloads directory first, or whatever directory you would want to perform the mass compression. Also, it is easy enough to substitute in *.exe or whatever extension you want to filter for to just compress those documents.

And the secret decoder ring:

  • %i is a variable that holds the file name for each step in the loop
  • (*.*) is the selection criteria, it could easily be *.exe or similar
  • 7z.exe is the command line version of 7-Zip
  • %~ni - this expands the %i variable to just the file name - no extension

If you wanted to just add the folders for a given directory, the command is a bit more complex as by default FOR just works with files. We need to feed it some additional information:

FOR /F "usebackq delims=?" %i IN (`DIR /B /A:D`) DO 7z.exe a "%i.7z" "%i"

This works because of a few pieces of what seems like magic:

  • /F tells FOR to iterate over the expanded value in ()
  • usebackq tells FOR that I am going to pass a command and use the output to iterate
  • delims=? tells FOR that I want to break tokens apart on the ? - an illegal character in file names and directories. I only want one token.
  • The /B in DIR is for bare format - just the name
  • The /A:D in DIR is for restricting the results by attribute, the D is for directories

If you want to encapsulate this inside of a batch file, the only change you will need to make is to double escape the %i variable:

FOR %%i IN (*.*) DO 7z.exe a "%%~ni.7z" "%%i"
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  • Yea, except yours is 7z archive, I want a zip archive! So %~ni.zip instead? – Grumpy ol' Bear Jul 18 '11 at 17:38
  • Better yet, I want zip or 7z with ultra compression. AND pack it in d:\packed. But so far your method works! – Grumpy ol' Bear Jul 18 '11 at 17:43
  • 1
    Got it, thank you! FOR %i IN (.) DO 7z.exe a "i:\packed\%~ni.7z" "%i" -mx9 – Grumpy ol' Bear Jul 18 '11 at 18:01
  • By the way, can you show me how to do that in a batch file? i.e. sperate-archive.bat – Grumpy ol' Bear Jul 18 '11 at 21:01
  • Thanks, and how do I add whole folders to that script, please? – Grumpy ol' Bear Jul 19 '11 at 12:52
17

I like Goyuix's answer. However, if you are using Windows 7 (or have Power Shell installed) and also use the command-line version of 7-zip, 7za.exe, then you can run this command:

dir | ForEach-Object { & "7za.exe" a $_.BaseName $_.Name }

You can also change "dir" to "dir *.exe" to only select executable files.

One nice thing about Power Shell is that you are working with objects instead of strings. So you could get really specific if you wanted to. For example:

dir *.csv | ? { $_.Length -lt 18900 -and $_.LastWriteTime -ge [DateTime] "07/01/2011" } | ForEach-Object { & "7za.exe" a $_.BaseName $_.Name }

This will only include files that:

  1. have a csv extension
  2. less than 18,900 bytes in size
  3. last modified on or after 7/1/2011

EDIT If you want zip files instead of 7-zip files, use InfoZip's zip.exe instead.

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  • 5
    7-zip can also create zip files - have a look at the -t flag. Example: 7z a -tzip archive.zip *.exe – Goyuix Jul 18 '11 at 22:48
  • Ok, $_.BaseName $_.Name works, but how do I do $_.BaseName $_.Name on another drive, in another directory? Say f:\test\file1.7z etc. – Grumpy ol' Bear Jul 20 '11 at 9:06
0

You can download and install 7zip plugin for Total Commander from http://www.ghisler.com/plugins.htm Once you do that on the right side of the window from your screenshot there will be another selection for 7zip compression. With that option you can accomplish exactly what you are asking for.

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0

I've just been working on exactly this problem and one of the issues I found was duplication of the folder name within the archive, i.e. when compressing a folder called "foo" an archive containing .\foo\fighters.txt is produced instead of just one containing fighters.txt.

The answer, therefore is to go into the directory being processed and have the archive appear in the previous (root) directory, then return to that directory in order to process the next folder.

It is also important to have 7ZIP ignore existing ZIP and CMD files within the root directory to prevent them ending up within the archive, hence the -x!*.zip and -x!*.cmd exclusion arguments.

This script will also maintain recursive folder structures.

@echo off

REM Ensures variables set within the batch file are local to
REM this script only and will be removed when finished.
setlocal

if exist *.zip goto zip_exist

for /d %%X in (*) do (
    cls
    cd /D %%X
    "e:\Program Files\7-Zip\7z.exe" a -r  -x!*.zip -x!*.cmd "..\%%X.zip" "*.*"
    cd ..
)
goto end

:zip_exist
Echo.
Echo Note: for this script to work, compression of
Echo pre-existing zip files is not possible.

:end
pause

The above code should be copied to a batch file such as "compress_dirs.cmd" and run as admin from the directory containing the folders you wish to compress.

Hope this helps.

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0

If you need to keep the folder structure, and save each file in its own structure, try this:

Save this command in a file with extension .bat and put it in the folder you need to zip:

FOR /R %%i IN (*.*) DO "C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7z.exe" a "%%i.7z" "%%i" -sdel

Note:

-sdel: Deletes the original file (optional, if you only want to keep the compressed file)

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