So what is best way to install the "real" Firefox on Debian?
First, you need to remove the existing Iceweasel package (I think you can use
aptitude as well):
apt-get remove iceweasel
Then, download the latest Linux build of Firefox directly from Mozilla. Extract the files, and navigate to that folder, and run it. If you want, make an icon on your desktop, and you can also make a link to the binary in
/usr/bin/firefox to make it easier to launch. If you have root access, you can also install Firefox in
/usr/local so all users will be able to run it.
After this, double-check that automatic updates are enabled, and you should be up and running!
If you want a package-based one, you can use Linux Mint's Debian package repo (as noted in the comments below, be aware that this may cause conflicts with automatic updates and other Debian packages in some cases). To do this, add the following line to your
deb http://packages.linuxmint.com debian import
And add the GPG key for that repo. Then, just run:
apt-get update apt-get install firefox
And you should be good to go!
The default install is German, to install in any other language, you can manually run:
apt-get install firefox-l10n-en-us (Edit[11/26/2014]: This package no longer appears in the linux mint repository.) (Edit[11/26/2014]: apt-get install firefox-l10n-en-gb - This is the only working English package)
Packages names for other common langages include (official repository list - scroll half way down):
firefox-l10n-en-gb # British English firefox-l10n-es # Spanish firefox-l10n-fr # French firefox-l10n-de # German
There's a sourcefourge project, basically dedicated to allowing you to get the latest version of Firefox when running Ubuntu, no matter which version you run (as long as dependencies are satisfied, obviously). Since Ubuntu is a Debian derivative, I thought I'd try it. I've got Firefox working on Debian Testing ("Wheezy") just fine.
apt-get remove iceweasel echo -e "\ndeb http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/ubuntuzilla/mozilla/apt all main" | tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list > /dev/null apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com C1289A29 apt-get update apt-get install firefox-mozilla-build
This resolves the GPG key issue that is encountered when using the imported Linux Mint DE repository, and is significantly simpler than the other viable solution. Also, this gives you access to Thunderbird and SeaMonkey as well.
Note that this solution only gives you the English-US Release Channel version (no beta or Aurora builds). Other languages can be used, but additional steps are required.
See the project page at Ubuntuzilla for more information.
This post on the Debian User forums suggests the following:
- Download latest Firefox from: http://www.mozilla.com . If using wget, remember to escape any
\so it doesn't break the url down into a series of background process
- Copy the downloaded file to
Extract it using:
$ tar -jxvf firefox-x.x.xx.tar.bz2
Change the permissions of the file:
$ chown -R root:users /opt/firefox $ chmod 750 /opt/firefox
Note that the user should be a group member of "users"
$ usermod -a -G users username
Create a symbolic link
$ ln -s /opt/firefox/firefox /usr/bin/firefox
To install new versions, you are supposed to
# rm -rf /opt/firefox* # rm /usr/bin/firefox
To make a desktop icon, do this
$ touch /usr/share/applications/firefox.desktop
Edit this using your favourite text editor:
$ nano /usr/share/applications/firefox.desktop
[Desktop Entry] Encoding=UTF-8 Name=Mozilla Firefox Comment=Browse the World Wide Web Type=Application Terminal=false Exec=/usr/bin/firefox %U Icon=/opt/firefox/icons/mozicon128.png StartupNotify=true Categories=Network;WebBrowser;
You can remove iceweasel with
$ apt-get remove iceweasel
If you encounter this error:
./firefox: error while loading shared libraries: libstdc++.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
You should probably install
apt-get install ia32-libs ia32-libs-gtk
Chances are that you are trying to install the 32 bit version of firefox in a 64 bit Debian environment.
Iceweasel Aurora is very close to Firefox latest stable release.
I installed Iceweasel Aurora using this official debian/mozilla tutorial.
I was able to import my Firefox profile from another installation without errors, ie, all addons, bookmarks, history entries and user settings are working perfectly.
FYI, some of the plugins I use are Firebug, Awesome screenshot and Searchstatus, all worked fine and were not disabled by Iceweasel.
You may also want to use the Firefox logo for launchers.
This is probably a better option as it allows an easier update process.
No need for this any more. Debian stable started shipping Firefox instead of iceweasel today.
Debian will ship the Extended Support Release (ESR) of Firefox, which is roughly updated every 9 months. If you always need the latest version the others answers may stil be an option for you.
For more infomarmation see the debian bug report
For the Googlers... this works for Debian Jessie:
#Add GnuPG archive key for mozilla.debian.net repository to the list of trusted keys wget -q -O - http://mozilla.debian.net/archive.asc | sudo apt-key add -
Depending on the version you want (pick one),
cat << EOF | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mozilla-firefox.list deb http://mozilla.debian.net/ jessie-backports firefox-release EOF
cat << EOF | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mozilla-firefox.list deb http://mozilla.debian.net/ jessie-backports firefox-beta EOF
cat << EOF | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mozilla-firefox.list deb http://mozilla.debian.net/ jessie-backports firefox-aurora EOF
#Assign higher priority to recently added repository. cat << EOF | sudo tee /etc/apt/preferences.d/mozilla-firefox Package: * Pin: origin mozilla.debian.net Pin-Priority: 501 EOF apt-get update && apt-get install firefox
This method is working for me on Debian 9 Stretch (64bit):
cd ~/Downloads /usr/bin/curl -L -o firefox-latest-linux64.tar.bz2 "https://download.mozilla.org/?product=firefox-latest&os=linux64&lang=en-US" && sudo tar xvf firefox-latest-linux64.tar.bz2 -C /opt/ && rm firefox-latest-linux64.tar.bz2 sudo ln -sf /opt/firefox/firefox /usr/bin/firefox
You can set something like this in your root's crontab for @daily or @weekly
The download link was derived from this Mozilla readme.txt: https://download-installer.cdn.mozilla.net/pub/firefox/releases/latest/README.txt
First edit your
/etc/apt/sources.list file to include:
deb http://packages.linuxmint.com debian import
Update system repositories:
$ apt-get update
You may get and ignore a following error:
W: GPG error: http://packages.linuxmint.com debian Release: The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY 3EE67F3D0FF405B2
Once system's repositories are updated simply use apt-get command to install Firefox Browser on your Debian Jessie 8 Linux:
$ apt-get install firefox Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following NEW packages will be installed: firefox 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded. Need to get 40.8 MB of archives. After this operation, 89.9 MB of additional disk space will be used. WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated! firefox Install these packages without verification? [y/N] y
Once the installation is finished you can start Firefox either from command line:
I'm running an AMD Athlon II X2 system. Firefox runs perfectly on Wheezy i686 & the 3.2.0-4-686-pae kernel. The stock version of IceWeasel just seemed gutted, crippled and inferior compared to Firefox. Installation is a snap. I download the newest Firefox to /home/myusername/Linux/Software/Mozilla/current/, and then run
cd /opt sudo rm -R firefox* sudo cp /home/myusername/Linux/Software/Mozilla/current/firefox* /opt sudo tar jxvf firefox*
The second line removes the previous version completely before the upgrade.
Below is the most straight forward method I've found for replacing Iceweasel with Firefox in Debian.
The terminal commands are as follows:
:~$ sudo apt remove iceweasel :~$ sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list
Add the following entry to the source.list file:
deb https://sourceforge.net/projects/ubuntuzilla/files/ all main
Save and exit Nano.
:~$ sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com C1289A29 :~$ sudo apt update :~$ sudo apt install firefox-mozilla-build
I hope this will be of help to anyone else wanting to replace Iceweasel with the current version of Firefox. As far as I have seen, the source is very well documented and maintained.