43

Every time I want to push and/or pull from the terminal (in Linux) I have to enter a password. How do I remove this so that it pulls and/or pushes without the password?

  • 5
    What is the protocol used by your repo address? ssh? https? – VonC Sep 22 '11 at 8:10
26

Generate a private/public key pair for password-less authentication.

For Linux, your keys are stored in ~/.ssh.

If you already have files in ~/.ssh that's named id_rsa and id_rsa.pub, then you already have a key pair. Append the contents of your public key (that's id_rsa.pub) to the Git repository's ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file.

$ scp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub user@git.repo:id_rsa.tmp
$ ssh user@git.repo
$ cat id_rsa.tmp >> .ssh/authorized_keys

If you don't have the key pair, generate one with

$ ssh-keygen -t rsa

Read this for further instructions: http://inchoo.net/tools-frameworks/how-to-generate-ssh-keys-for-git-authorization/

| improve this answer | |
  • @slhck Ah, didn't think of that! It'll be good to know the OS whirlwin is using before posting further instructions, though. – Jin Sep 22 '11 at 8:17
  • Thanks for the pointer. I Have updated the question accordingly! – whirlwin Sep 22 '11 at 8:22
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    When I run the first command I get a: You appear to be using ssh to clone a git:// URL. Make sure your core.gitProxy config option and the GIT_PROXY_COMMAND environment variable are NOT set. lost connection – MultiformeIngegno Apr 6 '13 at 0:38
33

Run

git config credential.helper store 

This will store your credentials in a folder inside root. You need to run git pull/git push after this command and give the username and password for the first time. After this, it will not prompt for username and password. Details at https://git-scm.com/docs/git-credential-store

As 0xc0de wrote in a comment, this will store the password unencrypted!

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  • 4
    this should be selected as the correct answer for this question. IMO, the OP wanted to ask about a solution for https to avoid having to enter username/password again and again, not switching to ssh solution. 1+ for this answer. – Giang Nguyen Nov 4 '16 at 18:37
  • 4
    Note that store credential helper stores the password on disk unencrypted. – 0xc0de May 24 '19 at 11:25
  • Use git config --global credential.helper 'cache --timeout 7200', if you want your Linux to store the password only for a specific amount of time. Here, 7200 = 7200 seconds = 2 hours. Source: stackoverflow.com/a/28562679/10358768 – Milan Aug 21 at 21:31
1

I had created a new branch and after that when I pulling, I had to enter the user name and password. Then I resolve the problem re-cloning the branch with ssh address (which is on the relevant repository site).

For example:

git clone git@github.com:sshare/GLE.git
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1

The default caching time is 900 seconds (or 15 minutes), after which Git will prompt you to enter your username and password again. You can change it as follows (1800 seconds = 30 minutes or 3600 seconds = 1hour). ($ represents the shell prompt as a normal non-elevated user)

$ git config --global credential.helper 'cache --timeout=18000'

OR

$ git config --global credential.helper 'cache --timeout=36000'

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