The one thing that really annoys me about my Macbook is that it's missing the Home, End, Page Up and Page Down buttons. The latter ones I especially miss when interacting with particular console applications (less, for example). Is there any way to assign them to keys I don't actually use, like the buttons up top bring up Dashboard (I have that disabled) and such?

5 Answers 5


On a MacBook:

  • Home is Cmd + ↑ / Fn + ←
  • End is Cmd + ↓ / Fn + →
  • PageUp is Fn + ↑
  • PageDown is Fn + ↓
  • 4
    Also Fn + [right arrow] for end and Fn + [left arrow] for home. I find that easier to remember, since the modifier key is the same as for page up and down.
    – Scott
    Nov 23, 2011 at 8:46
  • 1
    On a macbook with win7, Cmd + ↑ and Cmd + ↓ work like Win + ↑ and Win + ↓, ie. cycle through maximixe, restore and minimize. Jul 17, 2012 at 9:40
  • Ah, MacBook, making things simpler since.... ? May 29, 2021 at 8:26

Indeed, the missing keys on Macbooks (and many Windows notebooks) are something extremely annoying.

Normally, on Macbook keyboards, you get

Home / End with fn-Left / fn-Right


PgUp / PgDown with fn-Up / fn-Down

However, as you noticed, this doesn't work in Terminal apps like nano, Midnight Commander, less, etc.

In Terminal, you need to add Shift to let them "pass through" to Terminal.

Home : Shift-fn-Left

End : Shift-fn-Right

PgUp : Shift-fn-Up

PgDn : Shift-fn-Down

Of course, when what you really need happens to be Shift-Ctrl-Home ... forget it! (Or connect a real keyboard)

And Midnight Commander users will want to know that the missing Insert key can obtained with Ctrl-T

  • What about applications that want you to press PgUp and PgDn at the same time? (Second Life is the one I'm thinking of...)
    – Mei
    Jul 16, 2012 at 7:26
  • "connect a real keyboard" Or perhaps, those NumPad-only things? Just turn the Num Lock off and viola!
    – ADTC
    Feb 10, 2014 at 10:01

You can use PgUp and PgDwn with 'Fn'+'Up' and 'Fn'+Down'.


In text editors such as TextEdit or Pages:

  • Page Up (reposition cursor) is Fn
  • Page Down (reposition cursor) is Fn or V

In less (in similar terminal apps paginating content) you can use:

space: page forward

backspace: page backward


control + f: page forward

control + b: page backward

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