I'm trying to extract subtitles from MP4 and MKV movies. I'm using mp4box (on OS X) but cannot figure out how it works.
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The free and cross-platform MP4Box only works with MP4 or 3GP containers. You can install it from the homepage. First, you want look at the different tracks and see which ID belongs to the subtitle track.
MP4Box -info input.mp4
Look at the ID next to the subtitle track. Then, based on the track ID
<trackId> you want to extract, call the following command:
MP4Box -raw <trackID> input.mp4
Or, to export to the commonly used SRT format:
MP4Box -srt <trackID> input.mp4
In order to extract subtitles from Matroska (MKV) files, you need the free and open source
mkvtoolnix packages. They come for Windows and Linux, and on a Mac you can install them through Homebrew with
brew install mkvtoolnix.
Then, inspect the file:
mkvmerge -i input.mkv
This will list the tracks, for example like this:
File 'input.mkv': container: Matroska Track ID 1: video (V_MPEG4/ISO/AVC) Track ID 2: audio (A_AAC) Track ID 3: subtitles (S_TEXT/UTF8)
Based on the ID of the track, call the following command, where
<trackID> is the one you identified above.
<output> is just a dummy name, you can use any you want.
mkvextract tracks input.mkv <trackID>:<output>.srt
So, in our case, that would have been:
mkvextract tracks input.mkv 3:subs.srt
Here is a solution for virtually any file format that is supported by
ffmpeg (even remote files are supported):
ffmpeg -i video.mp4 subtitle.srt
ffmpeg is present in newer Ubuntu versions by default, for Mac OS X and Windows you'll have to install it (by downloading it from official web site or via homebrew).
video.mp4 is source local or remote video file name, and
subtitle.srt is output subtitle file name. It is important to specify file extension for output, since
ffmpeg detects what exactly you want to extract by it. That is, you can specify
.mp3 file extension in order to extract mp3 audio from video file, or just set another video container in order to convert between formats.