I have a set of repositories sorted into directories based on their VCS (Git, Mercurial, SVN). With Subversion I was able to run svn update * in the parent directory and it would loop through each directory and update each repository as expected. That's not the case for Git or Mercurial.

I would like to come up with a bash script that I can run to do exactly that, loop through directories and either git pull or hg pull in each. I just don't have much bash scripting experience.

  • It could be clarified whether you want the commands executed recursively (in all subfolders), where mj41's answer is the only one I've tried (from here and at other SO sites) that does that. – r_alex_hall Nov 8 '19 at 1:48
  • * does that with a tweak that I mention in a comment on it. – r_alex_hall Nov 8 '19 at 1:54
for dir in ~/projects/git/*; do (cd "$dir" && git pull); done
  • 2
    Thnx... but i need to capture errors as well. How can I do so. I've never done shell programming before. – shashwat Feb 16 '15 at 10:37
  • If I remove parenthesis it stops working. What's the concept behind it? – m0hit Dec 17 '19 at 6:28

If you need it to be recursive:

find . -type d -name .git -exec sh -c "cd \"{}\"/../ && pwd && git pull" \;

This will descend into all the directories under the current one, and perform a git pull on those subdirectories that have a .git directory (you can limit it with -maxdepth).

  • @thprivileges: clever! – Dennis Williamson Jan 6 '12 at 21:41
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    -execdir is much better here: find . -type d -name .git -execdir sh -c "pwd && git pull" \; – daniel kullmann Jan 9 '12 at 7:51
  • This is a better answer in my subjective opinion... Worked immediately for me.. Cheers – Ransom Jun 10 '15 at 14:30
  • Unlike the question that linked me here, this command actually worked. Thank you. – user1445967 May 2 '19 at 19:47

If you have GNU Parallel http:// www.gnu.org/software/parallel/ installed you can do this:

cd ~/projects/git/; ls | parallel 'cd {} && git pull'

This will run in parallel so if some of the git servers' network connection are slow this may speed up things.

Watch the intro video for GNU Parallel to learn more: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OpaiGYxkSuQ

  • Maybe do ls */ to be sure you're giving coherent input to cd. – Joe Corneli Mar 10 '18 at 19:17

This should work

find . -maxdepth 1 -type d -name '.git' -exec sh -c 'cd "{}" && pwd && git pull' \;
  • removing the -maxdepth 1 flag, this is the only command I've found in a lot of searching and trying that executes a command recursively (in all subdirectories, not just the directories one level down). – r_alex_hall Nov 8 '19 at 1:46

To do it without using find but forloop

for dir in ~/projects/git/*/*/; do (cd "$dir" && git pull); done
  • 1
    That is not recursive, it just shows things that are two levels deep. – user1169420 Nov 2 '20 at 21:31
  • that is correct, thank you. – loretoparisi Nov 3 '20 at 8:58

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