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In nautilus, a disk can be mounted by mouse click, the results are

  • format(NTFS) is recognized correctly
  • read/write are permitted by non-root user

You can also umount a disk without root permission in nautilus.

How to simulate these mount/umount operations in nautilus with shell commands?

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1

Nautilus uses gvfs to mount those locations. From the command line:

gvfs-mount smb://server/share mountpoint
1

Thanks to jordan for pointing out that nautilus uses gvfs

Usage:
  gvfs-mount [OPTION...] [LOCATION...]

Mount the locations.

Help Options:
  -h, --help                      Show help options

Application Options:
  -m, --mountable                 Mount as mountable
  -d, --device=DEVICE             Mount volume with device file
  -u, --unmount                   Unmount
  -e, --eject                     Eject
  -s, --unmount-scheme=SCHEME     Unmount all mounts with the given scheme
  -f, --force                     Ignore outstanding file operations when unmounting or ejecting
  -a, --anonymous                 Use an anonymous user when authenticating
  -l, --list                      List
  -o, --monitor                   Monitor events
  -i, --detail                    Show extra information
  --version                       Show program version

Find mounted devices and their mount points:

gvfs-mount -l -i

Look for:

...
unix-device: '/dev/sdc1'
...
Mount(0): USBNAME -> file:///run/media/username/USBNAME

Unmount the device:

gvfs-mount -u -i /run/media/username/USBNAME

Mount the device:

gvfs-mount -d /dev/sdc1
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  • 1
    What about mounting? – Boris Jul 20 '19 at 3:52
  • To mount a device: gvfs-mount -d /dev/sdc1 – The Demz Jul 20 '19 at 9:54
0

You can use pmount, an application that allows normal users to mount removable devices:

pmount /dev/sda2 mydevice
0

I belive Nautilus uses udisks for things like removable media:

udisks --mount /dev/sdc1

Use man udisks for several other commands.

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