Is OS X Mountain Lion a pure UNIX-based OS?
Some tutorials say that it is a Unix-like OS, but after version 10.5, all Mac operating systems are based on pure UNIX.
Is this true?
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Open source UNIX foundation
- POSIX-compliant, Open Brand UNIX 03 Registered Product
- Open source kernel based on FreeBSD and Mach 3.0
- 64-bit OS using LP64 data model
- Support for multiple CPU and GPU cores via Grand Central Dispatch and OpenCL
- Hand-tuned, standards-compliant scalar and vector math libraries
- Complete IP-based architecture supporting IPv4, IPv6, and L2TP/IPSec VPN
- Rich zero-configuration discovery and naming via Bonjour and Dynamic DNS
- Interoperable file serving via NFS, AFP, SMB/CIFS, and FTP
- Powerful Apache web services
- Open Directory services built on LDAP and Kerberos for single sign-on
Comprehensive UNIX user environment
- Standards-based graphics built on PDF (Quartz), OpenGL, and H.264 (QuickTime)
- Full-screen terminal with xterm-256color support
- Familiar UNIX/Linux utilities (such as emacs, vim, and bash)
- Free Xcode developer tools based on Clang/LLVM
The UNIX trademark is owned by The Open Group, which basically uses it as a certification mark for SUS-compliance. OS X has been registered as a UNIX 03-compliant product since 10.5, so it qualifies as UNIX (not just UNX or Unix-like) in that sense. Most GNU/Linux distributions are not registered as SUS-compliant, so they should be called something like UNIX-like or UNX in that sense, even though neither of those terms is used by The Open Group.
OS X could also be considered to be genetic Unix in the sense that Darwin was based on FreeBSD (or it has used FreeBSD as a reference platform), and BSDs are usually considered to be genetic Unix, since the original BSD was based on AT&T code. Both GNU and Linux were rewritten from scratch though, so GNU/Linux platforms are not generally considered to be genetic Unix.
In a functional or spiritual sense, OS X is maybe less Unix (whatever that means) than platforms that are merely "Unix-like" in the first or second senses, but OS X could still considered to "be Unix" in all three senses.